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n Tydskrif vir die Suid-Afrikaanse Reg - Bewoningsreg (habitatio) - verval dit weens versteuring (vernietiging) van die bouwerk?
Sedert menseheugenis word om verskeie redes gebruik gemaak van 'n reg ten gunste van 'n bepaalde reghebbende om die saak van 'n ander onder andere vir eersgenoemde se bewoning te benut. By ontstentenis van 'n regsgrondslag sou 'n eiegeregtigde aanmatiging van gebruiksvoordele ten aansien van 'n ander se saak minstens tot konflik aanleiding gee, soos wat die bekende plakkersake hier te lande of die probleme met die "krakers" in Nederland bevestig.
Does the Habitatio lapse with the destruction of the dwelling structure?
Habitatio has since time immemorial been recognized as one of the personal servitudes, in addition to usufruct and use. All personal servitudes have been classified, since Roman times, with praedial servitudes, as limited real rights. In spite of the personal servitude's connection to a particular person (it cannot be transferred or inherited) it is for all other purposes a real right and, as such, legally recognized property which is protected as an asset by private law remedies. All real rights have a res as object. The object of the right to habitatio (right of free residence) is the land which is subject to the limited real right of habitatio. That is why it is registered against the title deed of the land with cadastral precision as to which part of the land is subject to the habitatio. When this approach is adopted, it would, with respect, be inconsistent to accept that when eg the house burns down or is otherwise demolished, the right falls away. The true test should be whether it has become impossible to rebuild because, as a result of the mutation to the land itself the land had become unable to support any structure which can be utilised as a dwelling. This would be supported by the Digest text underlying this thinking: "Rei mutatione interire usum fructum placet" (D 7 4 5 2).
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