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n Journal for Juridical Science - Universal jurisdiction and the International Court of Justice : a comment on the cases

Volume 29, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0258-252X
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Abstract

<b>Universele jurisdiksie en die Internasionale Geregshof : 'n kommentaar oor die <i>Kongo</i>-uitsprake</b> <br>Universele jurisdiksie het betrekking op sekere ontwikkelinge wat in die afgelope dekades, veral na die totstandkoming van die Verenigde Nasies, plaasgevind het en waarvoor geen presedente bestaan nie. Regslui in die volkereg het hernieude aandag daaraan gegee as gevolg van die <I>Pinochet-saak</I>. Die &lt;I&gt;DRK-saak&lt;/I&gt; het die eerste toets voorsien maar aangesien 'n mate van onsekerheid steeds bestaan het, het Afrika in die &lt;I&gt;Kongo-saak&lt;/I&gt; weereens die Wêreldhof genader om te help met die afhandeling van die aangeleentheid. In die proses is 'n verdere bydrae tot die ontwikkeling van die volkereg gelewer. Die &lt;I&gt;Kongo-saak&lt;/I&gt; is egter steeds hangende. In hierdie artikel word universele jurisdiksie en soewereine immuniteit kortliks bespreek. Teen die agtergrond van die <I>DRK</I>- en die &lt;I&gt;Kongo-saak&lt;/I&gt; besin die outeur oor die vooruitsigte vir universele jurisdiksie. Hy voer aan dat die IGH primêr 'n hof vir state sal bly en argumenteer ten slotte dat die stryd wat die instelling van die Internasionale Strafhof tot gevolg gehad het, moet voortgaan om 'n nuwe era vir menseregte en die internasionale regte van volkere in die volkereg in hierdie eeu in te lui.

Universal jurisdiction relates to unprecedented developments which occurred in international law over the last decades, especially since the creation of the United Nations. Universal jurisdiction is linked with the emergence of international human rights law and criminal law and unfortunately conflicts with traditional international law principles such as equality among states and state sovereignty. International lawyers gave it renewed attention in the aftermath of the <I>Pinochet case</I>. However, the International Court of Justice was still to pronounce on its legality. The DRC case provided the first test but as some uncertainty remained, Africa in the Congo case returned to the World Court to help it dispose of the matter, making yet another contribution to the development of international law. The <I>Congo case&lt;/I&gt; is still pending. This article discusses universal jurisdiction and sovereign immunity briefly. Against the backdrop of the &lt;I&gt;DRC&lt;/I&gt; and the <I>Congo cases</I>, the author reflects on the prospects for universal jurisdiction. He contends that the ICJ will remain primarily a court for states and finally urges that the combat that culminated in the establishment of the International Criminal Court should continue to mark a new era for human and peoples' rights in international law in this new century.

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/content/juridic/29/3/EJC55542
2004-01-01
2016-12-09

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