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n Journal for Juridical Science - Pecuniary interests and the rule against adjudicative bias : the automatic disqualification or objective reasonable approach?

Volume 36, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0258-252X
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Abstract

This article deals with the issue of bias arising from pecuniary interest of a judge. Essentially, it asks the question: when does the pecuniary interest of a judge diminish his/her ability to apply his/her mind impartially to the dispute before him/her. To answer this question, the article undertakes a synthesis of the various rules and tests applied across Commonwealth jurisdictions and then compares them with the South African approach as outlined in two recent cases, namely 2011 (3) SA 92 (CC) and 2011 (1) SA 560 (SCA). Broadly, the article discusses the key aspects of the approach preferred by the English courts, the Canadian approach and the approach recently adopted by the Australian courts. The article concludes that the South African approach that places emphasis on the objective reasonable test, complemented by the realistic possibility approach, may be most suitable, given the nature of complaints so far dealt with by the courts and the full propriety of the injunction in section 34 of the Constitution.


Hierdie artikel hanteer die kwessie van vooroordeel wat ontstaan as gevolg van die geldelike belange van 'n regter. In wese word die vraag gestel: Wanneer verminder die geldelike belange van 'n regter sy/haar vermoë om onpartydig aandag te bestee aan die betrokke geskil. Om hierdie vraag te beantwoord, word verskeie reëls en toetse toegepas in Statebond jurisdiksies saamgevat en vergelyk met die Suid-Afrikaanse benadering soos uiteengesit in 2011 (3) SA 92 (CC) en 2011 (1) SA 560 (SCA). Oor die algemeen bespreek die artikel die hoofaspekte van die -benadering wat deur die Engelse howe verkies word, die Kanadese -benadering en die -benadering wat onlangs deur die Australiese howe aanvaar is. Daar word tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat die Suid-Afrikaanse benadering wat die objektiewe redelike toets vooropstel, aangevul deur die realis moontlikheid-benadering, die geskikste mag wees, gegewe die aard van die klagtes wat die howe tot dusver hanteer het en die volle eiendom van die konstitusionele bevel soos vervat in artikel 34.

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/content/juridic/36/2/EJC122974
2011-01-01
2016-12-10

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