1887

n Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap - Drug testing in American schools : research article

Volume 68, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0023-270X
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Abstract

Drug testing in American schools


As the use of illegal drugs has reached epidemic proportions in schools, educational leaders in the United States have turned to drug testing in attempting to maintain learner discipline. To this end, the United States Supreme Court has addressed the issue twice in the past eight years. In 1995, the Court permitted drug testing in Acton v. Vernonia School District 47J. More recently, in Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie v. Earls (2002), the Court upheld suspicionless drug testing of learners who wished to participate in extracurricular activities.
Even though drug testing has yet to emerge as an issue in South Africa, Earls is significant for educational leaders and policy makers in South Africa since it involves concerns under the National Policy on Privacy. More specifically, under Items 20 and 21 of the South African National Policy on the Management of Drug Abuse (SA, 1996b) searches and drug testing should only be used where there is reasonable suspicion, the same standard applied by American courts. However, unlike the United States, the South African policy prohibits random searches and/or drug testing. Thus, due to constitutional and educational issues that drug testing raises, a timely discussion of this matter should be of interest to educational leaders and policy makers in South Africa.

Die toetsing vir verbode middels in Amerikaanse skole


Leerdermisbruik van verbode verdowingsmiddels in Amerikaanse skole het sulke afmetings aangeneem dat die toets vir die gebruik daarvan in Amerika sterk op die voorgrond getree het. Die hele kwessie is gedurende die afgelope agt jaar twee maal in die Amerikaanse Hooggeregshof behandel. In 1995 het dié hof in Acton v. Vernonia die toets van verbode middels onder leerders toegelaat. Meer onlangs, in Board of Education of Independent School District No. 92 of Pottawatomie v. Earls (2002) het die hof die groenlig gegee vir die sogenaamde blinde toetse van leerders wat aan buitemuurse bedrywighede deelneem.
Hoewel die hele kwessie van verdowingsmiddeltoetse nog nie sterk op die voorgrond getree het in Suid-Afrika nie, is Earls tog betekenisvol vir onderwysleiers en beleidmakers in Suid-Afrika. Deursoeking word beleidmatig betrek in die nasionale beleid oor die hantering van verbode middels. Daarvolgens word deursoeking slegs toegelaat op grond van 'n redelike vermoede. Anders as in die VSA is blinde deursoeking nie toelaatbaar nie.

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/content/koers/68/4/EJC59110
2003-01-01
2016-12-11

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