1887

n Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap - Understanding artefacts related to human aspects : the case of information technology and systems : original research

Volume 79, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0023-270X
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Abstract

This article has two aims. One is to critique and expand Stafleu's ideas about artefacts. The other, which may be seen as a demonstration of this expansion, is an outline of a rich view of the type of artefact that is information and communication technology (ICT) and its use in human life as information systems (IS). ICT is a kind of artefact that is more complex than those covered by Stafleu's idea, and it has been considered in at least five ways: the artificial intelligence question of what is the computer, the computer question of the generation of software libraries, the question of how to develop good information systems, the question of benefits and harm when using ICT, and the question of impact that ICT and society have on each other. An important sixth question is about the varied nature of research into all the above, which goes beyond Stafleu's idea of scientific research to include design, interpretive and critical research. For each of these questions, a brief outline of mainstream approaches is followed by an approach based on various parts of Dooyeweerd's philosophy. The final two sections consists of a discussion of the assistance that Dooyeweerdian philosophy can offer in these six areas and, in turn, how research in these areas might contribute to Dooyeweerdian philosophy.


Hierdie artikel het twee doelwitte. Die eerste doelwit is om Stafleu se idees oor artefakte te kritiseer en uit te brei. Die tweede doelwit, wat as 'n demonstrasie van hierdie uitbreiding beskou kan word, is om 'n uiteensetting van inligtings-en kommunikasietegnologie (IKT) as 'n tipe artefak te bied, sowel as om na die gebruik daarvan in die menslike lewe, as inligtingsisteme (IS), te verwys. IKT is 'n tipe artefak wat meer kompleks is as daardie artefakte wat deur Stafleu se idee gedek word. IKT is al op minstens vyf maniere benader: die kunsmatige intelligensie-kwessie oor wat die rekenaar is, die rekenaarkwessie oor die generering van sagteware-biblioteke, hoe goeie inligtingstelsels ontwikkel kan word, die vraag oor die voordele en skade in die gebruik van IKT, en die vraag oor die wedersydse impak van IKT en die samelewing. 'n Belangrike sesde vraag handel oor die uiteenlopende aard van die navorsing soos dit in bogenoemde na vore kom, wat verder gaan as Stafleu se idee van wetenskaplike navorsing om ontwerp, interpretatiewe en kritiese navorsing in te sluit. 'n Kort oorsig van die hoofstroom-benaderings word vir elk van hierdie ses kwessies uiteengesit, gevolg deur 'n benadering wat gebaseer is op aspekte van Dooyeweerd se filosofie. In die laaste twee afdelings word aangedui hoe Dooyeweerd se filosofie van waarde kan wees in hierdie ses areas, asook hoe navorsing in hierdie areas op hulle beurt 'n bydrae kan lewer tot Dooyeweerdiaanse filosofie.

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/content/koers/79/3/EJC163802
2014-01-01
2016-12-11

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