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- Volume 74, Issue 2, 2008
South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science - Volume 74, Issue 2, 2008
Volume 74, Issue 2, 2008
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74 (2008)More Less
Author Patrick NgulubeSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74 (2008)More Less
This volume is special in many ways. Firstly, it comes after the successful LIASA conference held in the "Mother City", Cape Town, in October 2008. Secondly, we are bidding a special farewell to our long serving Editor-in-Chief, Professor Dennis Ocholla and welcoming aboard Professor Patrick Ngulube. We wish to pay tribute to Professor Ocholla for the professional services that he tirelessly rendered to the Journal over the years. This issue contains a variety of interesting articles, most of which were inherited from Prof Ocholla.
Author Stephen MutulaSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 105 –115 (2008)More Less
The paper unpacks the concept of 'content' and its derivative 'local content'. It further elucidates on the confusing nexus between 'local content' and indigenous knowledge and asserts that IK is in fact a special form of local content. The benefits of local content to the economy are discussed as are the challenges. The paper submits that contrary to widely held perception, Africa has made good progress towards developing and managing its local content. Several local content initiatives by international agencies as well as regional and national efforts are testimony to this claim. The paper suggests the way forward to enhance local content development in Africa.
Author Peter Johan LorSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 116 –128 (2008)More Less
Over millennia librarians have striven for universality : complete control of all recorded knowledge, if not through ownership then through bibliographic organisation and systems for universal availability and access. Modern digital technologies offer new possibilities of achieving universality, but also presents big challenges. This paper raises some critical questions about the concepts of "digital libraries" and "archiving knowledge". It uses a basic life-cycle approach to digital libraries and considers digital library functions within the cycle of the creation, dissemination, disposal and use of born-digital and digitised content. Different types of digital libraries are identified and challenges in selection, acquisition, organisation, preservation, resource discovery and access are discussed. Technological factors are not the main issue to be addressed. Rather, it is emphasised that political and economic challenges require attention. A rational and holistic discipline of digital resources management is needed to ensure that digital content can be handed down to posterity.
Author Jaya RajuSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 129 –137 (2008)More Less
It is important for countries in Africa to blaze their own unique paths in terms of adopting LIS qualification models that would be realistic and relevant to the local African context and, importantly, add value to their library and information services which have a crucial role to play in growth and development. As a contribution to this end, a research project is currently being undertaken in South Africa where, as part of the project, work environments in other disciplines such as journalism, health care and engineering are being empirically investigated and compared with LIS services in terms of job functions and higher education qualification types required to fulfill these job functions. The intention is to see if perhaps there are any innovations, lessons or best practices that the LIS profession can draw from these disciplines in terms of staff structures in LIS services, job functions of incumbents, and qualification requirements defining these structures and functions. The purpose of this paper is to report on some of the preliminary findings in an initial and novel comparison involving public, academic and special libraries, and engineering firms, newspaper houses and health care services in an African city. The findings, in the main, reveal that other disciplines seem to embrace vocational institutions, such as universities of technology, in the work place much more than the LIS work environment. The paper concludes that while there are significant aspects of western developed qualification models that continue to be useful in developing contexts, LIS qualification models in these contexts do not necessarily have to travel the same route as done in the West. The development of such qualification models should be guided by African realities. The paper recommends the need to draw lessons from work place practices in other disciplines and from innovative work place behavior within the LIS discipline evident in the preliminary findings presented in this paper, and more fully utilize qualification products from non traditional university institutions which often are the only tertiary level institutions many African school leavers are able to access. At the same time qualification models should afford articulation means that provide opportunities for further education and development of these individuals.
Author Wole Michael OlatokunSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 138 –148 (2008)More Less
The study investigated the use and patterns of use of the Internet among secondary school students in Ibadan, a Nigerian municipality, with a view to determining how widespread Internet use was and to examine the activities the students adopt the Internet for. It also aimed at determining possible misuse with a view to proffering solutions. A survey research design was adopted. Questionnaire was the instrument for data collection and analysis was done using descriptive statistics. Findings revealed that the majority of the respondents use the Internet for leisure rather than for educational purposes, though some respondents affirmed improved reading habits and academic performances occasioned by Internet use. The greatest barrier to the full exploitation of the Internet was inadequate access. Some inherent risks and problems occasioned by Internet use - namely pornography, scams, etc. - were also identified. The study recommends that there is a need for school authorities and parents to not only provide Internet facilities for students, but also to adopt strategies to monitor use so as to guard against misuse.
Mapping the fit : library and information services and the national transformation agenda in South Africa, Part 1Author Christine StilwellSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 149 –159 (2008)More Less
This article, the first of two parts, is an update of one which appeared in the IFLA journal in 2007 (Stilwell 2007a). Progress since 2007 is mapped in terms of the fit between the library and information services available and the national transformation agenda. It reviews information policy and describes information sources, systems and services in South Africa as part of the wider national information system. It stops short of describing the situation pertaining to school libraries, archives, record centres and museums, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), embassies, commercial database industry and indigenous knowledge which are covered in Part 11. The sectors concerned with the dissemination of information and information technology are also described in Part 11, as well as the library and information education and training sector and the organised profession. This overview is based on literature retrieved from the available, mostly electronic, databases.
Influence of the World Wide Web on the citation patterns of Master of Information Studies students at the University of Natal during the period 1996 to 2002Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 160 –170 (2008)More Less
The Web has significantly changed the milieu of research and study. The study determined how this changing research and study environment has influenced the research behaviour of master's students at the University of Natal in South Africa. Explicit examples of the effect of the Web were drawn from analysing changes in the citation patterns of masters' theses during the years 1996, 1999 and 2002. Tacit influences on students' citation behaviour were inferred from an investigation of the level and nature of research supervisors' use and support of the Web for research. Findings of this study concluded that the use of the Web by students was rather limited. The use of this medium was disparate, with a few bibliographies accounting for much of the growth of Web resources. The study revealed greater support for this medium from the masters' programme supervisors than was evidenced from a citation analysis of the bibliographies of theses.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 171 –182 (2008)More Less
Web users are becoming more critical of the web sites they use. This paper evaluates the information architecture of the academic library web site at the University of Cape Town with more of a focus on the usability testing of the University web site. Two approaches to evaluation were completed to evaluate the library web site. Firstly, a formal usability test was conducted with five users to establish the required site structure and to identify any possible problems with the usability of the site. Secondly, a closed card sort analysis with ten participants was completed in order to establish the required site structure and terminology for the potential web site re-design.
It was found that the library had a generally usable web site. The site however exhibited a few problems with the terminology used; the navigation design; and issues relating to identifying specific information. This study presents recommendations to handle the aforementioned problems. The study also encourages continual web site evaluation.
Source: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 183 –196 (2008)More Less
This study uses bibliometric techniques to examine the frequency and patterns of referencing in articles published in South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science (SAJLIS) from 1996 to 2007. The authors believe that an analysis of references and referencing patterns in a journal is vital because references play an important role in scholarly communication, which is defined as the process of sharing and publishing research findings in order to reach a wider scholarly and professional community. This paper thus seeks to determine, among other objectives : the growth of publications in the journal; the growth of references; articles with the most number of references; types of sources consulted by SAJLIS authors; language used to publish the consulted sources; and whether the length of articles influences the number of references. It was found that SAJLIS has maintained regular publication for all but one year, 1999, when the journal was not published. On average, SAJLIS published 15 articles per year between 1996 and 2007; journal articles were the most commonly consulted document type by SAJLIS authors (2241; 46.6%), followed by books (1512; 31.5%), Internet-based sources (665; 13.8%), and conference proceedings (189; 3.9%); Internet-based sources and electronic journals were growing in popularity among the researchers; the average number of references per article equated to 29.13; and the highest and lowest number of references recorded in a single article were 101 and 4, respectively. We also observed that the number of references in an article does not influence the length of the article; the average length of SAJLIS papers is 10 pages and there was an increased usage of electronic resources by SAJLIS authors from 2001. Finally, this paper draws several conclusions based on the findings of the study and provides some recommendations for further research.
The Fifteenth International Conference : Crimea 2008
Ukraine, Crimea, 7th-15th June 2008 : general contributionsSource: South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 74, pp 197 –200 (2008)More Less
The Fifteenth Jubilee International Conference (otherwise known as "Crimea 2008") was once again successfully held in the popular town of Sudak (which hosted the main event) and the satellite conference-resort cities of Alushta, Bakhchisarai, Belogorsk, Feodosia, Kerch, Koktebel and Stary Krym of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in the Ukraine from the 7th to the 15th of June 2008. The aim of the Crimea Conference is to explore, discuss and share experiences that deal with the development, problems and implementation of new information technologies in library and information activities and services. Many people, including conference organizers, participants and holidaymakers, are drawn to that part of the world because of the region's beauty, particularly the majestic mountains and valleys between the Black Sea and the Azov Sea. The area is also known for its unique history, dating back to the Roman and Ottoman Empires, which makes its presence felt in the architecture, agriculture, shores and diversified people of the region.