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- Volume 12, Issue 2, 2013
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Volume 12, Issue 2, 2013
Volume 12, Issue 2, 2013
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp v –xi (2013)More Less
In our foreword of the June (2013) Issue of the Indilinga: African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems we concentrated on analysing the main trends of the themes submitted to the journal as well as the role played by Indilinga in enhancing the quantity and the quality of indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) issues among African intellectuals and universities. We also stressed the role of Indilinga as the platform for the theoretical and empirical debate among the young African researchers. It was recognised that Indilinga played an important role in the production, dissemination and most importantly in legitimizing African IKS in the African and world academia.
Author Blessing MbathaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 171 –187 (2013)More Less
This article is based on the study that investigated how indigenous knowledge can be managed using Ikujurio Nonaka's model, known as the knowledge creation theory. The problem investigated in this article pertains to the threats that are mostly likely to lead to the demise of indigenous knowledge (IK) if no proper mechanisms are put in place to preserve it. To achieve the aforementioned aim, the article critically examined four modes of the knowledge creation theory, namely socialisation, externalisation, internalisation and combination. A literature survey was conducted across a broad spectrum of sources including conference papers, books, journals and the internet. The findings show that this theory is extremely useful in managing tacit knowledge such as indigenous knowledge. Hence it has been widely applied in organisations and communities to manage knowledge by capturing, storing, processing, retrieving and disseminating it. The strength of this theory is based on recognising, generating, transferring and managing tacit knowledge across time and space. It therefore centres on building both tacit and explicit knowledge and the interchange between them through internalisation and externalisation. The knowledge creation theory is the best model to capture, create, leverage and retain knowledge.
Author Lesiba TeffoSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 188 –202 (2013)More Less
The role of indigenous knowledge systems in the development of South Africa has been examined from a number of perspectives. This article contributes to this discourse by paying particular attention to the prospects of using the indigenous knowledge systems as growth centres or sites for affirming the African Renaissance idea. Thus, the article argues that the indigenous knowledge systems constitute an ontology on its own terms with both theoretical and practical (utilitarian) properties. The argument is that the indigenous knowledge systems reside in the rural areas (sites) and are available as tools for regional transformation processes. One challenge addressed here concerns how the public authorities, in particular, the state institutions and organisations, could provide the enabling environment for this vital element of rural life to make its unique contribution to South Africa's and for that matter, Africa's reconstruction discourse.
The article begins with an overview of the position of the indigenous knowledge systems of Africa in general and compliments this with particular reference to examples from South Africa.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 203 –216 (2013)More Less
The current wave of interest in indigenous knowledge (IK) is mainly due to growing acknowledgement of the limitation on the part of conventional science in addressing environmental issues. Because indigenous people are keen observers of the climate system, from their many years of close interaction with the environment, they undoubtedly hold knowledge, the relevance of which is two-fold: IK helps in understanding climate change (CC); and it offers useful insights in sustainable adaptation strategies that are pragmatic at the level of society. Apparently, there is a plethora of approaches in the study of IK; and no clear framework has yet been proposed for documenting IK in climate science. By reviewing appropriate scholarship on IK and CC, this article outlines a framework of study intended to harness the valuable insights of the local 'scientists', whose knowledge has previously been subjected to epistemological injustices. We argue that this neo-indigenismo - the belief that indigenous knowledge has something to offer - faces numerous problems, unless it is framed within a robust epistemological and methodological configuration.
The article concludes by analysing five problems associated with a hasty and ad hoc approach in indigenous science inquiry. Such approaches could be viewed as unscientific; and therefore, easily dismissed; the knowledge may remain untapped, and fail to give any practical directions to policy implementation; generators of the knowledge could remain transmogrified and subjugated. The approach would not be ethical in an indigenous context, and IK could be facing a natural demise.
Author Geoff A. GoldmanSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 217 –230 (2013)More Less
The call for uniquely African management principles is not a new one. It would seem as though much of the energy channeled in this direction during the 1990's has waned in recent times. The discourse surrounding the call for uniquely African management principles is reviewed in this article. Furthermore, this article dissects the need for an African management philosophy, the central tenets thereof as well as the potential benefits inherent to such a philosophy. The South African concept of ubuntu is also expounded upon as a mechanism to solidify African management thought. From the discussion, it is evident that principles of ubuntu are incorporated into the way South African organisations are managed. However, in the South African academic discourse on management, the philosophy of ubuntu is largely ignored. Subsequently, in the management education and training context, curricula and syllabi do not emphasize these uniquely African principles enough.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 231 –241 (2013)More Less
In this article we discuss indigenous African leadership practices of the Lamba nation of the Zambian Copper belt region and how such leadership can inform school leadership today. This article is part of a bigger study which was informed by three factors: (1) that once upon-a-time Africa had prolific leadership as evidenced by achievements by its many kingdoms, (2) a question as to whether all that leadership has completely died for good, and (3) if not, how can it be characterized and how can it inform school leadership today? In this article we report findings on these same questions about the Lambas. We adopted a qualitative approach in which we interviewed selected family members, village elders, councilors, and two chiefs. Findings show that the Lambanistic leadership practices are strongly value-driven and emphasise servant leadership. Such values include a community spirit, a sense of responsibility for all, a strong sense of identity, and personalised teaching. We argue that such indigenous leadership practices are pregnant with meaning regarding school leadership today.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 242 –251 (2013)More Less
Geophagia, the deliberate ingestion of soil, is a culturally sanctioned practice common to the world's more tribally oriented people. Widely reported among pregnant and lactating women, geophagia is also practised by female adolescents (FA). This article presents preliminary findings on the incidence and reasons of geophagia among FA in Molyko (Cameroon). From results of semi-structured questionnaires administered to 100 randomly selected FAs, all ingested earth (60% < thrice a week, 30% > thrice a week and 10% daily) with an average daily intake of 50g. White to greyish soils were the most sought after (72%). About 67.5% consumed unprocessed earth, 27.5% in combination with ground sugar and 5% fried. Ten percent of the respondents were encouraged by their mothers to ingest soil, 60% as a result of peer pressure and 30% out of personal desire. None consumed soil to supplement nutrients, 11% for cultural reasons, 65% craved for soil whereas 24% engaged in the habit for other reasons such as depression, or lack of appetite. Findings indicate that peer pressure as opposed to cultural heritage (mother to daughter) is the main contributory factor.
Author Maheshvari NaiduSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 252 –262 (2013)More Less
This article is an exploratory inquiry and focuses on popular and indigenous constructions of reproductive health and some of the antenatal health needs of pregnant women. By working through the qualitative narratives of 15 pregnant Zulu women and women who have had children and their use of antenatal indigenous herbal medicine, the article reveals the tension and dichotomised positioning between Western allopathic approaches and those considered traditional and indigenous. While drawing the necessary attention to the untested and contested background to some of the (potentially dangerous) pharmaceutical properties of the herbal infusion known generically as isihlambezo, the article highlights that equally urgent, is the acknowledgement on the part of the 'orthodox' medical practitioners, of the popularity and wide spread use of traditional medicines such as isihlambezo, and of the importance of the examination of women's popular construction of reproductive health care. The article argues that the hegemonic narrative of the western biomedical discourse appears to further 'push' this faith and reliance on indigenous herbal remedies underground, thus rendering its use invisible against the more visibly positioned and championed Western reproductive health care and prenatal medicines.
Author Steve EdwardsSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 263 –276 (2013)More Less
Occasioned by an international meeting involving an Australian shaman and Zulu divine healer, this article explores some universal themes in divine healing as revealed in traditional Zulu and classical Greek culture. Themes include indigenous knowledge, ancestral and divine consciousness, truth, harmony, ecology, transformation of the psyche and energy healing. The article calls for further research into divine healing with special reference to perennial healing components such as empathy, intuition and transpersonal spirituality.
Author Nontyatyambo Pearl DastileSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 277 –289 (2013)More Less
The gender dimension in the discourses on migration, crime and criminality and the fragmentation of ubuntu throughout the African diaspora has received scant scholarly attention. Caught up in this web of crime are women who, as legal or illegal immigrants and as South African citizens, are involved in criminal networks for the purposes of survival and to eke out a livelihood. This article examines the gender dimension of cross-border and transnational criminality and the subjective experiences of women involved in illegal cross-border migration. Drawing on in-depth interviews with seven women incarcerated in correctional centres, I highlight the centrality of gendered experiences of women while crossing borders. The study reveals that for some women the decision to migrate is influenced by the need to alleviate household poverty following the soaring unemployment and economic and political crisis in neighbouring Zimbabwe. These insights reveal the blurred boundaries between women as victims and perpetrators, thus contributing to emerging critical perspectives drawing on discourses on gender and migration within Africa.
Author Jonathan Chukwuemeka MaduSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 290 –300 (2013)More Less
The growing social, economic and political debility of Africa as well as the challenging need for growth, development, peace and cohesion make regional cooperation and integration glaring necessities for African states. However, one of the ways without which it is difficult to realize this dream is addressing the continent's violent conflicts, more so the radical intrastate conflicts. African states can only make meaningful contribution and be committed to their treaty obligations when there is peace in their homes. These conflicts are not only aggravated by ethnic and religious tensions, but also have generic economic and political foundation. Some researchers see the difficulty of conflicts in Africa as that of 'trauma of identity crisis', which concerns the problem of imposing the modern state system on traditional societies, creating 'hybrid social identities that are neither modern nor traditional'. This article examines different regional indigenous approaches espoused for addressing conflicts in Africa and subjects them to analysis to discover their shortcomings and, then, propose strategies to peace and conflict resolution in the continent that could be effective and significantly contribute to a culture of peace, cohesiveness and stability, necessary for sustainable economic and political integration of the continent.
Towards sustainable livelihoods through indigenous knowledge and water use security : insights from small scale irrigation schemes in Limpopo ProvinceSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 12, pp 301 –324 (2013)More Less
Water is integral to sustainable rural livelihoods and household food security due to its key role in household use, small-scale and homestead farming. Water security is an emerging concept, having gained increasing attention over the past five years. The World Economic Forum describes water security as "the gossamer" linking global economic challenges such as: the systemic web of food, energy, climate, economic growth and human security livelihoods in rural areas are at risk due to poor access and supply of water, and resource limitation and degradation. The role of indigenous and local knowledge in navigating livelihood options was explored through a Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) among three purposefully selected, rural, female farmer groups to elicit the role of water in agriculture and rural livelihoods. Complimentary to the SLA, a household water audit was conducted to assess water supply, water availability and associated challenges. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with willing irrigation scheme members. Key informant interviews were held with officials from district municipalities, extension officers and the Departments of Water Affairs. Water Policy Analysis (WPA) was conducted for pronunciations and impact on water access, governance, organizational structures and institutional arrangements. Content Analysis and SLA were adopted as the main data analysis tools. Key findings indicate knowledge gaps in policy and implementation and a lack of understanding of water management structures. Discourse between the transformation agenda of water reform and rural lifestyles, thus elicited gender tensions among study participants. These complex issues resulted in poor livelihoods for participants, who experience poor water access for current and future water use. Competition for the water supply, coupled with climate change was also identified as a serious threat due to expanding mining operations in the Limpopo Province. The study concludes that water use management and water policy reform intentions require robust investments in the capacity building of small-scale farmers in rural areas to improve access to water and its management.