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- Volume 2, Issue 1, 2003
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Volume 2, Issue 1, 2003
Volume 2, Issue 1, 2003
Indigenous land use management in Lower Changane Chibuto : sacred and profane desacralisation and recoveryAuthor Zacarias Alexandre OmbeSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 1 –9 (2003)More Less
Changes in the global environment and rapid land use fostered by changing national political economic policies are the main factors impacting the context within which traditional knowledge in resource management is used. Traditional management practices are deeply embedded in local culture and spirituality; therefore, gender and spatial ecological diversity are key issues for investigation. <p>This article explores traditional environmental management practices in Lower Changane, Southern Mozambique from an historical dynamic perspective. The article draws on qualitative research methods including literature review, and detailed fieldwork conducted between 1998 to 2000. The field work involved direct observation, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and informal interviews. The research found that many traditional environmental management practices are of relevant ecological importance, but have often been overlooked by developmental strategies. The research recommends that the study and documentation of traditional environmental management should inform sound environmental education.
Research methods in indigenous mathematical knowledge : an example of a research model based on indigenous gamesAuthor Mogege David MosimegeSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 11 –24 (2003)More Less
Indigenous games are an integral component of indigenous knowledge systems. These and other games in general are usually viewed from the narrow perspective of play, enjoyment and recreation. Even though these are important, there is more to games than just the three aesthetic aspects. Analysis of games reveals complexities that are not usually considered. Some of the revelations that come from analysis of indigenous games are: The history and origins of the games; socio-cultural developments and contributions to societal and national activities; mathematical concepts associated with the games; possibilities and implications for general classroom - related curriculum development; clarification of misconceptions and myths related to the different game; etc. This article explores research methods that may be used when indigenous games are investigated and when mathematics is taught in the classroom. It reflects upon and draws most of the examples from a study that was conducted on indigenous games in the Limpopo and North West Provinces of South Africa. It also suggests how these research methods may be used to explore mathematical concepts, principles and processes that are associated with various indigenous knowledge systems activities.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 25 –35 (2003)More Less
This paper illuminates the practice of indigenous soil conservation among Mamasani farmers in Fars province in Iran. Bos's decision making model was used as a conceptual framework for the study. A qualitative paradigm was used as research methodology. Qualitative techniques were: Mind Mapping, RRA, semi-structured interviews, indepth and focus group interviews. A new decision making model which was rich in subjective views flexibility and high level of interactivity among farmers and researchers was developed.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 37 –44 (2003)More Less
Two hundred (200) people of ages above forty-five (45) years and mostly males were randomly selected and interviewed across Asa Local Government Area of Kwara State, to elicit information on their indigenous methods of weather forecast. The study observed that over 95% of the respondents know much about weather forecast. They identified five weather systems, which they are capable of forecasting using accumulated experiences. These include rainfall, thunderstorm, windstorm, harmattan and sunshine. The occurrence of some of these as observed, can also be modified (induced or prevented). Whereas, indigenous weather forecasting is appreciated for its role in agricultural development, their modifications are however, discouraged for their possible effects on natural processes. To sum up, indigenous methods are seen as complimentary rather than contradiction to western-based methods. Consequently, the study recommends that outcomes of indigenous knowledge-based researches should be utilised and integrated in development processes.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 45 –52 (2003)More Less
This study documents indigenous knowledge practices of rice farmers in Ini, South-South Nigeria, and also ascertains the role of gender in the whole production process. The ultimate aim of the study is to provide information, to assist the Northern Akwa-Ibom Swamp Resources Development Programme (NASRDP) to actualize its mandate to revitalize rice production in the State. It has been revealed that male and female gender play complementary roles in the rice production process and that both should be targets of extension offerings, in aid of improved rice production. Recommendations are also proffered for effective programme implementation.
The usage of indigenous plant materials among small-scale farmers in Niger State Agricultural Development Project - NigeriaAuthor F.S. GanaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 53 –60 (2003)More Less
The use of natural plant materials as agrochemicals among small-scale farmers in three selected villages in Niger State of Nigeria was the main focus of this study. Data was collected by means of questionnaire from a total of two hundred and forty randomly selected farmers . The data was computer-analysed using the software Minitab, a statistical package. The study revealed that smallscale farmers in the villages selected for the investigation have started to use botanical chemicals as alternative to the use of toxic synthetic agrochemical. A chi-square of 23.64 showed a statistical significance (P= 0.05) in the usage of indigenous plant materials (IPMs) as insecticides in the storage of planting seeds of guinea corn, maize and cowpea. About 58.82% of the small-scale farmers in the study indicated that they had used Azadirachta indica solution extracted from fermented leaves to control cowpea pests in the field. About 20.58% of the farmers interviewed stated that they had used Sesbania rostrata alley-cropped maize to reduce the population of parasitic nematodes found in the soil. It is recommended that further research work be conducted to discover more information on these indigenous plant materials. The ultimate aim would be to encourage a large number of smallscale farmers to adopt the usage of these indigenous plant materials which have been found to be effective, cheap and readily available.
An ethno-zoological survey of insects and their allies among the Remos (Ogun State) south western NigeriaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 61 –68 (2003)More Less
<p>The research was carried out to study the socio-economic characteristic of the Remos of Ogan State of Ngeria; to determine their relationship with insects which they regard as edible, which they use for rituals and which they use for medicinal purposes. <p>Two hundred and eighty-five questionnaires were administered. The data collected was analysed by using frequency counts and percentages. Common edible insects were found to include termites (Macrotermes bellicossus), cricket (Brachytrypes sp) and (Analeptes trifaciata). The insects used for rituals and medicinal purposes include the butterfly used for making love portion; Cryptothelia rongeoti used as a defense against any evil; Brachytrypes sp, Lycosa sp and Apis melifera used for good fortune. The honey bee (Apis melifera) is used to prevent dizziness, while the sting of Ant is used for healing wound, curing of impotence in males and is also used as a cure for "thunderbolt". <p>The study found that in this community insects are valuable for both food and medicinal purposes. It recommends that more work on medicinal and nutritional value of these insects be undertaken.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 69 –79 (2003)More Less
This study was conducted at the Music Library of the Ministry of Information (ML-MOI) and the Music Library of the Cultural Affairs (ML-CA) of Eritrea. The main aim of the study was to design an appropriate Indigenous Music Information Storage and Retrieval System for Eritrea. A quantitative approach was mainly used to obtain data from a purposefully selected sample. The qualitative approach was also used in some research stages. Methods used included document analysis, questionnaire, personal interview, focus group discussion and observation. It was found that music data was recorded in a register, which also served as a finding aid. Users' preference was to search for music by artist, title, producer, occasion, subject or language. Unfortunately this was not possible with the system that was being used since it only allowed searching through the name or initials of an artist. The paper recommends the establishment of an automated indigenous storage and retrieval system to enable registration of indigenous knowledge information, offering facilities for indexing, searching and report generation.
Author Gaudencia MutemaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 81 –88 (2003)More Less
In the quest for appropriate methods of studying religion, researchers in recent years have fiercely attacked phenomenology for its inadequacies in the academic study of religion. Phenomenology, as an approach, has been relegated to a relic in some departments of religious studies at Western universities. Yet in Africa, where traditional religions and thought systems of the indigenous people of Africa were formerly rendered primitive and at worst, dismissed as non-existent, Western developed phenomenology has been exalted as a method of studying religion. In fact, some departments of religious studies at African universities require their undergraduates to take phenomenology as a compulsory and preparatory course for studies in African Traditional Religions and Thought. Despite the criticism levelled against it, phenomenology seems to offer a better approach to the study of African Traditional Religions and Thought. This paper draws upon the strengths of phenomenology in the study of African Traditional Religions and applies these to the study of Indigenous Knowledge Systems. Admittedly, phenomenology has its own in-built limitations. In this regard, it is postulated in this paper that phenomenology can be used effectively when combined with the hermeneutical approach. Such an integrated and hence, multi-methodological approach to Indigenous Knowledge Systems simultaneously equips the researcher with indispensable investigative tools and facilitates openness and the active participation of respondents in the research process.
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 89 –97 (2003)More Less
Conversation is an ancient and profoundly human way of constructing knowledge about the world in which we live. The qualitative research interview is drawing on this everyday activity, adjusting it to fit a research objective. In anthropology and sociology the qualitative research interview has, for several decades, been used as a means of obtaining in-depth knowledge about people's life-world. Not only has more light been shed on how people interpret and explain their personal experiences, we also have learned more about qualitative approaches and how qualitative data could be interpreted and presented for a community of researchers. <p>In this article, we show how one of the characteristic traits of the qualitative interview, the narrative, makes it especially well suited for an inductive understanding of cultures and in the pursuit of indigenous knowledge. The intention behind this approach is to bring us beyond generalisations and question stereotypes in the discourse about native and indigenous peoples.
In search for methodology for the collection and evaluation of farmers' indigenous environmental knowledgeAuthor Lanre Tajudeen AjibadeSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 99 –105 (2003)More Less
Many of the conventional geographical methods of eliciting indigenous information from farmers are often unsuitable. Therefore this article suggests that pre-testing and evaluation of the conventional methods of eliciting information need to be conducted. Attempt was made particularly to search for the appropriate method of collecting and evaluating farmers' indigenous environmental knowledge in developing countries. The article concludes that information about farmers' knowledge of their environment in developing countries can not be obtained using a 'single-method' approach. An 'integrated-data-acquisition' technique is thereby considered as the appropriate method, the choice of which will largely depend on the researchers' understanding of the people's cultural characteristics, perception and decision-making process.
Author C.J.B. Le RouxSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 107 –113 (2003)More Less
Author Claudia ZaslavskySource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 115 –116 (2003)More Less
Author Maria Corazon Y. MendozaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2 (2003)More Less
Source: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 2, pp 118 –119 (2003)More Less