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- Volume 7, Issue 1, 2008
Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems - Volume 7, Issue 1, 2008
Volume 7, Issue 1, 2008
Author Annemarie HattinghSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp V –VII (2008)More Less
On a cold December 1999 morning in Bergen (Norway), the Editor-in-Chief, Queeneth Mkabela proposed a single page article on the very first ideas for a journal that could voice, critique and promote African Indigenous Knowledge in a scholarly sphere. I was fortunate to be a member of a small group that brainstormed the concept, the vision and the graphics you see on the cover when a way forward for the journal was established.
Grief counselling in African indigenous churches : a case of the Zion Apostolic Church in Venda : socio-cultural lifeSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 1 –6 (2008)More Less
Prior to the advent of modern technology and professional funeral services, grief was more shared and more public. Rituals such as the sitting shiva in the Jewish religion would help mourning. The funeral service industry has since assumed tremendous control over death rituals. Although largely commercialized in contemporary societies, the practice of rituals among African Indigenous Churches (AICs) in South Africa remains relatively intact. Bereavement is a shared experience among members of the Zion Apostolic Church (mapostola). Ma-postola understands grief as a multi-layered phenomenon which affects the surviving family emotionally, physically, cognitively and behaviourally. Their intervention model is an informed process which is aligned to the chronological order of phases of grief. It takes survivors through the initial stage of shock and disbelief, allows them a period of healing, and ultimately helps them complete the work of mourning. It requires collective participation, social isolation of the bereaved and then culminates in reincorporation of the bereaved into the community. The aim of this article is to explicate the meaning and value of grief counselling in AICs with special reference to the Zion Apostolic Church in Venda.
"On account of a basket" : a socio-historical and ethnographic perspective on the development of multilingualism in South AfricaAuthor Mtholeni N. NgcoboSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 7 –22 (2008)More Less
This article provides a socio-historical and ethnographic perspective on the development of multilingualism in South Africa. By using Bourdieu's (1991) theory of social practice, I argue that people had always used their languages as important symbolic resources and for the creation of the structured social dispositions. History shows that languages were considered as ethnocentric and the proliferation of groups in a limited space created collusions and conflicts. In South Africa this situation is now being managed through a multilingual language legislation that came as a result of the new democracy in the country.
Author Busuyi MekusSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 23 –36 (2008)More Less
This article examines the retention of some features of traditional court poetry in modern Yoruba music. The article's focus is the juju music even as Sikiru Ayinde Barrister attracts the attention of the article. Efforts are made to establish the similarities between court poets and modern musicians in the performance of the roles of checks and balances, drawing from the memories of the past, both good and bad in order to propel towards a glorious tomorrow. Characteristic of the traditional court poets, modern musicians explore, to the maximum, the unique privilege of remarking on the king / leader and his activities for his good and that of the people he presides over. Therefore, leisure, sought in music, provides education, sensibility, training, construction and reconstruction to ensure : a better living, a wonderful co-existence and, possibly an articulate global community.
Author Jabulani MakhubeleSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 37 –46 (2008)More Less
Successful realisation of social development goals and objectives requires the effective harnessing, harmonising and rationalising of indigenous community based groups within their indigenous cultures. These groups have to be identified, work together and be appreciated as they add value and improve the quality of life of people in their localities. They are self-propelled social enterprises and visible in community events ranging from weddings, funerals and xiseveseve (mutual aid groups). These groups are not recognised and supported by both private and public sector institutions, let alone funded as they are not registered as Non-Profit Organizations (NPO), close corporations (cc) or trusts to access funding from government and / or other donors. Working in groups is indigenous to African communities and has far-reaching effects, which reverberate beyond the boundaries of these groups and has historically been an embodiment of the way of life, custodian of customs, traditions and cultures and provide venue where ideals of mutuality, sharing and giving can be developed. They are community development interventions aimed at meeting social development goals. Since it is an undisputable fact that indigenous African people are by nature highly gregarious, they are of help to each other socially, economically and spiritually during their events.
Use of indigenous knowledge by rural women in the development of Ogun State : agriculture and food productionSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 47 –63 (2008)More Less
This article is based on a study that investigated rural women's use of indigenous knowledge (IK) in the development of Ogun State. Among others, the study aimed at identifying the nature and types of IK being used by the rural women, the extent of use as well as the domains of use. It equally aimed at finding out how the rural women's use of IK has positively affected sustainable development in Ogun State. The survey research design was adopted. The targeted population comprised rural women in Odeda local government area of Ogun State. A purposive sample of 250 respondents was selected. Data was collected with an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire and analyses were carried out using frequencies and percentage distributions. Findings revealed that the majority of the rural women were farmers and illiterates but have vast knowledge of traditional medicine. There was an extensive use of oral IK in various domains : culture transfer and preservation, food security, saving and lending money, population control, childcare, etc but its greatest impact was in the area of food production.
Role of indigenous knowledge in enhancing household food security : a case study of Mukungwe, Masaka District, Central UgandaSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 64 –71 (2008)More Less
This study examined and documented the role of indigenous knowledge in enhancing household food security in Uganda focusing on Mukungwe sub-county, Masaka district. It specifically identified the indigenous practices which enhances household food security; determined the extent of use indigenous knowledge versus western knowledge in enhancing household food security; identified the factors that limit the use of indigenous practices in enhancing food security. The data were collected using semi-structured questionnaires, personal interviews and group discussions. The finding showed that many people depend on the use of indigenous knowledge practices in sustaining subsistence farming and enhancing household food security. Majority of farmers mulch their crops using local materials like coffee husks while others use locally concocted pesticides to control pests such as maize stem borers and cabbage diamondback moths. Use of locally made mortars and stones to pound and grind foodstuffs such as groundnuts was common. Fresh cassava and potato tubers were buried into the soil to increase their shelf-life. There is a need to build strong awareness programs by extension agents on indigenous knowledge systems in order for farmers to appreciate its role in enhancing household food security in especially rural areas where the factors of production is scarce.
Protecting indigenous knowledge and the rights and interests of indigenous medicine practitioners in Africa : law, leadership and governanceAuthor Esther Kibuka-SebitosiSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 72 –86 (2008)More Less
This article identifies the rights and interests of indigenous medicine practitioners and analyzes the extent to which they are currently protected in selected countries in Africa. Utilizing document analysis and interviews, the findings underscore the challenges and urgent need to protect Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) and the rights and needs of the practitioners especially in the wake of globalization. The findings revealed an urgent need for intellectual property rights, drafting the legislation and implementing the laws among others. The challenge is to keep the question of whether the intellectual property rights appropriately apply in the African context. In some countries the practitioners' rights are recognized and legislation to protect them has been drafted such as in South Africa. Indigenous knowledge as a body of knowledge and some of the practices are characterized as mysterious. There appears to be misconceptions about the body of knowledge as compared to modern medicine. The protection of IKS, given its complex nature, required a long consultative process. Ultimately, a continental, multi-sectoral and an Inter-, Trans- and Multi-disciplinary (MIT) approaches might be the most appropriate in the protection of the IKS and the needs and interests of indigenous medical practitioners.
Author Mojalefa KoenaneSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 87 –102 (2008)More Less
The topic of traditional leaders and their role has always been of great interest not only to anthropologists but also to politicians, the youth, missionaries, business entrepreneurs and government bureaucrats. Policy development that forms part of the government outputs are influenced by many factors which includes historical facts, political ideologies, cultural differences and sometimes leadership. This article deals with some of these determinants. These give us a better picture as we attempt to outline the existing conflict between the African National Congress (herein referred to as ANC) and the ongoing political battle with the indigenous traditional system of governance in the form of traditional leadership. As a point of departure the author briefly outlines the position of the Constitution regarding traditional leaders in the democratic dispensation of South Africa. I conclude that the ANC's position is ambivalent. It is this ambiguity that contributes to an unclear policy formulation when it comes to defining the role and status of traditional leaders within the local government structures. The article also discusses what the ANC regards as the weaknesses of the traditional leadership and thus arrives at the conclusion that the institution of traditional leadership is by nature an undemocratic entity that must be abolished. The alleged undemocratic practices also include the exclusion of women as traditional leaders. The author argues that the institution of traditional leadership can and must be democratised and therefore be sustained for the benefit of development in rural areas.
The perceptions of traditional healers of cervical cancer care at Ga Mothapo Village in Limpopo Province : healthSource: Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems 7, pp 103 –116 (2008)More Less
The purpose of this article is to explore and describe the perceptions of traditional healers of cervical cancer care. The incidence of cervical cancer, especially among black South African females, is among the highest in the world. Women report at clinics and hospitals on a daily basis with advanced stages (stages III and IV) of cervical cancer. Black women consult traditional healers first, before they consult health-care professionals. Although cervical cancer survival rates are said to be improving across South Africa, not all women benefit from the screening programme for early detection of cervical cancer. Traditional healers perform an indispensable role in the delivery of health care, especially in rural areas where access to biomedical care is limited. The article is based on a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory study. The study population included traditional healers who were chosen through snowball sampling. Data was collected by means of in-depth interviews. Data was analysed using Tesch's method. The findings of this study demonstrated that the traditional health practitioners have good knowledge about cervical cancer care. This was shown by the knowledge they had of naming the disease, predisposing factors and causes, of cancer care, symptoms of diseases, diagnostic measures and methods of treatment. The findings of this study provided valuable information on the perceptions of traditional healers of cervical cancer care. In view of the knowledge that the traditional healers possess, this study recommended that there be sharing of knowledge and collaboration between modern health-care practitioners and traditional healers. Collaboration may assist in early detection and treatment of cervical cancer, thereby improving the mortality rate.