1887

n Literator : Journal of Literary Criticism, Comparative Linguistics and Literary Studies - Outobiografie as hermeneutiek van die self : van Rousseau tot Le Clézio : oorspronklike navorsing

Volume 36, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0258-2279
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Abstract

Hierdie artikel ondersoek die hipotese dat outobiografie as 'n soort hermeneutiek van die self beskou kan word. Vir hierdie doel word 'n seleksie van Franse outobiografieë behandel. Aangesien hierdie studie 'n verwerking van 'n intreerede is, is dit oorsigtelik van aard en poog dit nie om 'n gedetailleerde ontleding van óf die teorie óf die tekste waarna verwys word, te gee nie. Jean-Jacques Rousseau se , wat allerweë as een van die hoekstene van die moderne outobiografie beskou word, is as vertrekpunt gebruik vir die interpretasie van verstaanshandelinge ingebed in outobiografiese tekste. Die artikel toon voorts aan hoe die skrywers van die res van die korpus op verskillende wyses Rousseau se historiese model bevraagteken in aansluiting by nuwer denkwyses. So word daar aangetoon dat George Perec die historiese model laat vaar om eerder tekens uit die verlede te ontsyfer; dat Nathalie Sarraute die gedagte van die verdeelde subjek van die Nuwe Roman kombineer met haar konsep van om 'n deurleefde weergawe van haar kinderjare te skep; en dat Roland Barthes die aanname dat taal 'n medium van uitdrukking van subjektiwiteit kan wees, problematiseer om 'n 'anti-outobiografie' te skryf. Voorts is aangetoon hoe Marguerite Yourcenar wegbreek van die antropomorfisme van die humanisme om die weg te baan vir die besef dat die teenwoordigheid van die Ander die uitleg van die self ten diepste bepaal. Laastens word die etiek van die Ander in interkulturele ontmoetings, soos geboekstaaf in die outobiografieë van Ken Bugul en Jean-Marie Le Clézio, ondersoek. Die artikel toon aan hoe literêr-filosofiese tendense die gedagte van singewing en interpretasie van die persoonlike verlede en gevolglik die aard van outobiografie vanaf die agtiende eeu beïnvloed het.


This article investigates the hypothesis that autobiography can be regarded as a type of hermeneutics of the self. In order to achieve this, a selection of French autobiographical texts was analysed. As this study is a reworked version of an inaugural lecture, it presents an overview rather than a detailed analysis of the theories or the texts it refers to. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's , generally regarded as a cornerstone of modern autobiography, was used as a point of departure for the interpretation of operations of understanding at work in autobiographical texts. The article demonstrates how the writers of the rest of the corpus of texts question Rousseau's historical model in different ways according to more recent concepts of the self. Thus it is argued that George Perec replaces the historical model of understanding with an approach based on deciphering signs from the past; that Nathalie Sarraute combines the New Novel's concept of the divided subject with that of in order to give a truthful representation of her childhood; and that Roland Barthes problematises the notion of language as a medium of expression of subjectivity in his 'anti-outobiography'. This study furthermore demonstrates how Marguerite Yourcenar breaks with the anthropomorphism associated with humanism to pave the way for the realisation that the presence of the Other profoundly determines the understanding of the self. Finally, the ethics of dealing with the Other in intercultural encounters, as recorded in Ken Bugul and Jean-Marie Le Clézio's autobiographies, is examined. The article shows how, from the 18th century onwards, literary and philosophical trends influenced the act of understanding and interpreting the individual existence and hence the nature of autobiography.

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/content/literat/36/1/EJC171193
2015-01-01
2016-12-10

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