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oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - 'n Prosesevaluering van 'n verkeersoortrederswerkopdrag : geesteswetenskappe

Volume 12, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1995-5928

 

Abstract

Die Nasionale Instituut vir Misdaadvoorkoming en Reïntegrasie van Oortreders (Nimro) het 'n afwentelingsprogram vir verkeersoortreders ontwikkel. Die doel van die program is die verandering van die gedrag, denke en ingesteldheid van verkeersoortreders jeens verkeerswette. Een van die onderafdelings van dié program is 'n werkopdrag. Die verkeersoortreder moet die werkopdrag skriftelik voltooi nadat hy/sy deur die hof na Nimro verwys is vir deurloping van die verkeersoortreder-afwentelingsprogram. Die verkeersoortreder-afwentelingsprogram is op teorieë van misdadige denkpatrone en -foute gegrond. Piaget se teorie van kognitiewe ontwikkeling, ontwikkelingsfases en leerstyle word gebruik om die volwasse leerder te verstaan en om toepaslike aktiwiteite vir die verkeersoortrederswerkopdrag te ontwikkel. Die doel van die navorsing was om die werkopdrag vir verkeersoortreders as onderafdeling van die afwentelingsprogram te beoordeel ten einde 'n bewysgegronde afwentelingsprogram vir verkeersoortreders ter tafel te lê. 'n Kwantitatiewe navorsingsbenadering is gevolg. "Prosesbeoordeling: programtoetsing" is as navorsingsontwerp gebruik. Inligting is deur middel van 'n vraelysopname ingesamel wat per e-pos aan al die deelnemers (N = 85) gestuur is. Die inligting is deur middel van beskrywende statistiek (frekwensiedistribusies) en die nieparametriese Mann-Whitney statistiese toets verwerk. Daar is bevind dat die meeste verkeersoortreders in die program jong, wit, manlike persone is wat oor 'n universiteitsgraad beskik. Die deelnemers het aangedui dat hul gedrag, denke en ingesteldheid ten opsigte van die nakoming van verkeerswette positief verander het. Buite-omstandighede, soos die hofverrigtinge, het egter ook 'n belangrike rol in die positiewe verandering van die verkeersoortreders se gedrag, denke en ingesteldheid jeens die nakoming van verkeerswette gespeel. Die aanbevelings sluit onder andere in dat die leerbehoeftes van die kinestetiese leerders meer in ag geneem moet word en dat die werkopdrag meer interaktief moet wees. Onderhoude met slagoffers van 'n motorvoertuigongeluk deur die verkeersoortreders en die benutting van selfoontegnologie word as verdere metodes van terapeutiese ingryping voorgestel.


Section 59(4) of the National Road Traffic Act was amended as speeding offences increased and played a major role in traffic accidents. This new traffic law requires those who exceed the speed limit by more than 40 km/h not only to be fined, but also to appear in the traffic court, which might result in a criminal record. During 2012 the traffic court in Bloemfontein approached NICRO (The National Institute for Crime Prevention and Reintegration of Offenders) to develop a diversion programme to which traffic offenders could be referred after having appeared in court for excessive speeding (more than 30 km/h above the speed limit). NICRO is a non-profit organisation that considers crime as a social problem which threatens our democracy, good governance and individual rights. The organisation is committed to creating a safer South Africa where crime and violence no longer prevail, where all South Africans feel safe and protected, and where their rights are respected.
The traffic offences diversion programme was developed to bring offenders to an understanding that their traffic offence is not only a criminal offence, but may lead to the death or serious injury of themselves, passengers and other people. The traffic offences assignment that is to be completed during the diversion programme was developed to ensure that people learn from their mistakes and take responsibility for their actions. Currently, the programme consists of several interventions, one of which is a written traffic offences assignment. First, the traffic offender is taken in and his basic details are obtained by a NICRO intake worker, usually at the court. The offender is then referred to the NICRO case manager (social worker), who then conducts an assessment. A diversion contract is signed and a treatment plan is compiled with the client. Part of the treatment plan includes the assignment.

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2015-12-01
2016-12-11

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