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oa Litnet Akademies : 'n Joernaal vir die Geesteswetenskappe, Natuurwetenskappe, Regte en Godsdienswetenskappe - Postkoloniale literatuur en die representasie van trauma : 'n verkenning van

Volume 8, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1995-5928

 

Abstract

Traumateorie is vandag 'n belangrike benaderingswyse in die geesteswetenskappe, deels omdat dit ook aspekte van die poststrukturalistiese teorie ondervang. 'n Poststrukturalistiese perspektief op trauma sou byvoorbeeld kon beteken dat die geskiedenis in geheel "gelees" word as traumaties, aangesien trauma nie histories gespesifiseer word nie, maar eerder ontologies gedefinieer word. In hierdie artikel word hierdie twee aspekte van traumateorie (trauma as histories vasstelbare gegewe en trauma as algemene, ontologiese begrip) geïllustreer aan die hand van die postkolonialisme. Postkoloniale teorie betrek onder meer die "traumatiese" ingreep van die koloniale benadering tot die gekoloniseerde, veral in terme van spesifieke historiese gebeure. Tog is 'n belangrike dimensie daarvan ook die koloniale representasie van die "Ander" wat geproblematiseer word. Laasgenoemde kan in verband gebring word met die soortgelyke wyse waarop ontologiese trauma representasie oor die algemeen problematiseer. Die wyse waarop traumateorie aangewend kan word om die postkoloniale diskoers te belig, word voorts aan die hand van die postkoloniale roman , deur Karel Schoeman, ondersoek en geïllustreer.

Trauma theory has today become one of the most important theoretical approaches in the humanities, partly because of its ability to include aspects of poststructuralist theory. A poststructuralist view of trauma would mean, for instance, that the whole of history is "read" as being traumatic, since trauma is not historically specified, but rather defined in ontological terms. In this article these two aspects of trauma (trauma seen as a specified, historical event and trauma as a general, ontological concept) are illustrated with reference to postcolonialism. Amongst others postcolonial theory deals with the "traumatic" impact of the colonial approach on the colonised, especially in terms of specific historic events. But another important aspect deals with the problematic nature of the colonial representation of the "Other" which is brought to the fore. The latter can be linked to the similar way in which ontological trauma presents the difficulties of representation in general. The postcolonial novel , by Karel Schoeman, is subsequently used to examine and illustrate the way in which trauma theory can shed some light on the postcolonial discourse.

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/content/litnet/8/1/EJC62289
2011-01-01
2016-12-10

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