oa CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease - : main article

Volume 25, Issue 8
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



  • CVD is the leading cause of death in patients with CKD.
  • The risk of CVD increases as CKD progresses to ESRD.
  • Clinicopathological manifestations of CVD in CKD are:
  • accelerated atherosclerosis
  • left ventricular hypertrophy
  • systolic hypertension.
  • 'Uraemia-related' risk factors add to the increased CVD risk.
  • Exercise electrocardiography is a suboptimal test for the diagnosis of CVD.
  • Coronary angiography is still the gold standard for diagnosis of CAD.
  • Achieving targets for risk factors in CKD slows progression of CKD and lowers CVD risk.

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