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n CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - Chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease : main article
- CVD is the leading cause of death in patients with CKD.
- The risk of CVD increases as CKD progresses to ESRD.
- Clinicopathological manifestations of CVD in CKD are:
- accelerated atherosclerosis
- left ventricular hypertrophy
- systolic hypertension.
- 'Uraemia-related' risk factors add to the increased CVD risk.
- Exercise electrocardiography is a suboptimal test for the diagnosis of CVD.
- Coronary angiography is still the gold standard for diagnosis of CAD.
- Achieving targets for risk factors in CKD slows progression of CKD and lowers CVD risk.
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