oa CME : Your SA Journal of CPD - COPD is a systemic disease - the extrapulmonary manifestations - : main article

Volume 27, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 0256-2170



COPD is defined as a preventable and treatable respiratory disease characterised by partially reversible chronic airflow obstruction. There is abnormal inflammation of the lungs in response to the inhalation of noxious particles, particularly cigarette smoke.

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