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- Volume 17, Issue 2, 2005
South African Journal of Sports Medicine - Volume 17, Issue 2, 2005
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Volume 17, Issue 2, 2005
Author Mike LambertSource: South African Journal of Sports Medicine 17 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... Like all things, the South African Journal of Sports Medicine has to evolve and adapt to meet ever-changing challenges. The first major challenge we are currently faced with is to resolve the conflict between keeping the appearance of the Journal professional, while meeting the cost of production. The distribution of the SAJSM is miniscule (? 400) compared with that of its big brother, the South African Medical Journal, which has a distribution of about 16 000. This small distribution raises the cost of production significantly and prevents the Journal from expanding much beyond its current length of about 30 pages ..
Source: South African Journal of Sports Medicine 17, pp 3 –7 (2005)More Less
<I>Objective.</I> The primary aim of this study was to determine the physical and physiological profiles of 48 netball players (aged 18 - 24 years) playing in the super and first league in the Boland region. The secondary aim of the study was to compare the profiles of the Boland netball players with those of Australian under-21 players. <br><I>Design.</I> The netball players were assessed for flexibility, speed, agility, power and aerobic endurance. Anthropometrical measurements were also taken. Descriptive statistics were calculated, after which Student s unpaired t-tests were used to compare results between the Boland and Australian under-21 netball players. <br><I>Results.</I> The Boland players were statistically significantly faster over the first 5 m of a 20 m sprint; however, no significant differences were found at 10 m and 20 m between the 2 groups. The Australian players showed superior agility in both left and right feet, as well as vertical jump ability compared with the Boland players. The Boland players also had significantly lower aerobic endurance capacity compared with the Australian players. There were statistically significant differences in standing height and skinfold thickness between the two groups. <br><I>Conclusions.</I> Our results indicate that Boland netball players, who can be considered representative of toplevel players in South Africa, are not on the same physical fitness level as their Australian counterparts. The study also highlights the importance of similar and more comprehensive studies to obtain normative data for all levels of netball players.
Views of elite swimmers on achieving swimming excellence in South Africa : original research articleSource: South African Journal of Sports Medicine 17, pp 8 –12 (2005)More Less
<I>Objective.</I> This study was conceptualised following publication of two editorials by Professor Mike Lambert, in which he proposed a model for achieving sporting excellence in South Africa. A questionnaire based on the assumptions of the model was administered to the first 45 ranked swimmers in South Africa. Their views and opinions were elicited on the various components of the model. <br><I>Study design.</I> A questionnaire was designed to elicit information on the administration, sponsorship, coaching skills, talent identification, financial implications and scientific support for swimmers in South Africa. The top 45 swimmers were interviewed at the National Senior Swimming Championships held in Durban in 2003. Amongst the swimmers interviewed were 7 of the 8 current Olympians who participated in Athens in 2004. Due to the nature of the study only descriptive analysis was undertaken. <br><I>Results.</I> Swimmers believed that South Africans have the potential, capacity and raw talent to compete at international level. Scientific and medical support, administration of the sport, financial implications for training, and competition were considered critical factors in respondents support systems enabling them to compete effectively. <br><I>Conclusions.</I> Swimmers in the study sample reported that the administration of swimming in South Africa should be changed to impact the sport positively. They felt that coaching skills available in South Africa were sufficient to achieve excellence in performance, but that scientific and medical support were not on a par with international standards. Use of drugs in swimming is likely to increase with increased international exposure. Finally, the swimmers said that they do not have the financial means to achieve success internationally compared with Australian and American swimmers. Swimming South Africa, the National Olympic Committee of South Africa and private sponsors need to play a more central role in sponsorship of swimmers in South Africa. At a conservative estimate, the professional swimmer requires between R5 000 and R8 000 a month to be able to train effectively for international performance. This figure does not include costs for accommodation, subsistence and travel to overseas competitions.
Source: South African Journal of Sports Medicine 17 (2005)More Less
Extracted from text ... 12 SAJSM VOL 17 NO. 2 2005 INTERNATIONAL PHYSIOTHERAPY CONGRESS FOR SANDTON The South African Society of Physiotherapy recently hosted the 2nd International Conference at the Sandton Convention Centre. The theme of the congress was "The Gaitway to Recovery" and proved to be a resounding success. A variety of topics pertinent to the physiotherapist in both the private and public sector were covered. Our respected International experts included; Monika Fagevik Ols?n, Marino Rocabado and Fredericke van Wijck who all imparted a wealth of knowledge to delegates. In addition, a number of local papers were presented, all of which proved ..
The nature and incidence of injuries in a Currie Cup rugby team from 2001 to 2003 : original research articleSource: South African Journal of Sports Medicine 17, pp 13 –17 (2005)More Less
<I>Objective.</I> To describe the type and occurrence of injuries in a South African Currie Cup rugby team over 3 consecutive seasons (2001 - 2003), during which time strategies to reduce injuries were introduced by the management team consisting of the coaching and medical support staff. <br><I>Design.</I> A retrospective, descriptive study. <br><I>Setting.</I> All injuries, grade 1 and above, of 56 contracted, male players (age 25.1 - 2.8 years) of a South African Currie Cup rugby team were recorded over 3 consecutive seasons. <br><I>Main outcome measures.</I> Injury data collected included the type and mechanism of injury as well as the body part injured, the period of the season in which the injury occurred and whether the injury was a first episode or recurring injury. Injury rates are expressed as the number of injuries per 1 000 hours at risk. <br><I>Results.</I> The number of injuries increased as the season progressed. Strains (N = 56), sprains (N = 29) and contusions (N = 44) accounted for the majority of injuries each season, while the most injured body part was the lower limb. Direct injuries accounted for the majority of total injuries across all 3 seasons. The most important finding was a reduction in overall injury rate over the 3 seasons (p < 0.002). <br><I>Conclusions.</I> These results suggest that preventive strategies implemented by team coaches and physiotherapists may reduce the number of injuries in rugby union, and continuous evaluation and management of training strategies is advised.
Source: South African Journal of Sports Medicine 17, pp 18 –28 (2005)More Less
<I>Introduction.</I> Varying methods of cricket injury surveillance projects have made direct comparison of published studies in this field impossible. <br><I>Methods.</I> A consensus regarding definitions and methods to calculate injury rates in cricket was sought between researchers in this field. This was arrived at through a variety of face-to-face meetings, email communication and draft reviews between researchers from six of the major cricket-playing nations. <br><I>Results.</I> It is recommended that a cricket injury is defined as any injury or other medical condition that either: 1) prevents a player from being fully available for selection for a major match or 2) during a major match, causes a player to be unable to bat, bowl or keep wicket when required by either the rules or the team s captain. Recommended definitions for injury incidence (for matches, training sessions and seasons) and injury prevalence are also provided. It is proposed that match injury incidence is calculated using a denominator based on a standard time estimated for player exposure in matches, for the purposes of simplicity. This will allow all injury surveillance systems, including those with limited resources, to make calculations according to a standard definition. <br><i>Conclusion.</I> The consensus statement presented provides a standard which, if followed, allows meaningful comparison of injury surveillance data from different countries and time periods, which will assist in the possible identification of risk factors for injury in cricket.