oa Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia - Transoesophageal echocardiographic assessment of aortic valve : refresher course

Volume 17, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2220-1181
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1173



Every complete transoesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) examination should include a careful assessment of the aortic valve. Aortic valve disease is very common in Western populations. About 25% of people over 65 years of age have aortic sclerosis and 3% over 75 years have severe stenosis 7. TEE can define the severity and mechanisms of aortic stenosis (AS) and aortic regurgitation (AR). Although in general cardiology TEE is rarely needed for evaluating the aortic valve, it may be appropriate when transthoracic image quality is poor and to evaluate other structures more fully, including the mitral valve.

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