oa Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia - Transoesophageal echocardiography from the cardiac surgeon's perspective : refresher course

Volume 17, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2220-1181
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1173



We first started using routine epiaortic and transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in late 1995. It revolutionised our cardiac surgical practice only partly, because it provided a full and comprehensive diagnostic study routinely.

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