oa Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia - Comparison of dexmedetomidine versus midazolam for intranasal premedication in children posted for elective surgery : a double-blind, randomised study : research
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of dexmedetomidine with midazolam for intranasal premedication in children posted for elective surgery. Trial design: This was a prospective, randomised, double-blinded clinical study.
Method: 60 children, 3 to 10 years of age, with American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I, scheduled for elective surgery, were randomly divided into two groups, group D (dexmedetomidine) and group M (midazolam). Group D patients received intranasal dexmedetomidine 1 µg/kg and group M patients intranasal midazolam 0.2 mg/kg, approximately 30 minutes before induction of anaesthesia, in the form of a spray.
Outcome: Preoperative effects on heart rate, blood pressure, sedation and anxiety including parental separation and mask acceptance were assessed.
Results: Intranasal dexmedetomidine (1 µg/kg) premedication resulted in statistically significant but clinically unimportant lower heart rate and blood pressure at 10, 20, and 30 minutes following administration compared with intranasal midazolam (0.2 mg/kg). There were no episodes of hypotension or bradycardia. Children in group D achieved better parental separation and mask acceptance scores compared with group M.
Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine resulted in better parental separation and mask acceptance scores than intranasal midazolam. Thus it would seem to offer some advantage compared with midazolam.
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