oa Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Illustrating the levels of war - Operation Zitadelle (Kursk), 5-14 July 1943, a case study

Volume 33, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1022-8136
  • E-ISSN: 2224-0020



In wartime military organisations function in a dangerous and complex environment. Doctrines are designed to ensure standardisation of thinking about military conflict and the use of military power. Therefore, it is defined as an explicit set of concepts according to which actions in a given field are discussed and executed. However, without proper communication (conveying of information2) vital time and opportunities will be lost in a conflict situation.

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