oa Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies - Somalia 2007 : starting from scratch on the long and winding road to peace and democracy?

Volume 36, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1022-8136
  • E-ISSN: 2224-0020



Somalia, a country composed of four and a half major tribes, namely the Hawiye, centred in Mogadishu, the Darod based in the North, the Dir and the Rahanweyn (the other 40-odd minor tribes falling into the ""half"" category) blundered into the 21st century without a modern state or its institutions (Mbugua, 2004:26). While the country has been without an effective government since 1991, recent reports suggest that, unless immediate action is taken on an international scale, Somalia will continue on its downward trend towards internal collapse.

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