oa Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Hidden words of the prophet: Texts appearing in traditional versions of the songs of Ntsikana

Volume 26, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 0256-9507



Ntsikana, the prophet, or St Ntsikana, as he was known to his followers, was the first Xhosa Christian and missionary to his own people, It is possible that Ntsikana composed a number of songs for worshipping with his disciples. It is also possible that he composed only one song which was sung in different ways. It is extremely difficult to trace the text lines of the songs and the history cif the song texts, since his music survived by oral tradition until 57 years after his death in 1821.

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