oa Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Xhosa Evangelists in Late Nineteenth Century Malawi: Black strangers or fellow countrymen?

Volume 31, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-9507



In 1841, two as yet unconnected events (only later to be linked by the web of history) took place in South Africa. The first was the arrival of David Livingstone at the beginning of his missionary career in Africa; the second was the opening of the Lovedale educational institution in the Tyumie valley in the Eastern Cape. During the next 33 years these two very different examples of Scottish missionary initiative went their own separate ways. Livingstone became perhaps the most famous of all nineteenth century missionaries to Africa. Lovedale built up a reputation as possibly the best educational institution in Africa south of the equator.

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