Mousaion - Volume 21, Issue 2, 2003
Volumes & issues
Volume 21, Issue 2, 2003
Source: Mousaion 21, pp 2 –8 (2003)More Less
As le Roux points out in her overview of Mousaion in this issue, the object of the third series was to make Mousaion more useful and of interest to a wider range of people than the case had been with the monographic series. The third series kept the same identity with a plain cover for many years (until 1997), with only a changed colour every year to distinguish between volumes.
Author Jackie Le RouxSource: Mousaion 21, pp 9 –10 (2003)More Less
Mousaion was first issued in 1955 by the University of South Africa (Unisa) as a monographic series. Theoretical and practical topics in the field of library and information science were covered. Looking back on the history of Mousaion, one has to acknowledge Prof H J de Vleeschauwer, who started Mousaion as a one-man project.
Source: Mousaion 21, pp 11 –40 (2003)More Less
Over many years transaction log analysis (also called log analysis, log file analysis, or log tracking and more lately Web logging, web log file analysis and web tracking) has been used to collect information on how information systems such as online library catalogues (OPACs), online and CD-ROM databases and Webbased products and systems are used. The first reports on such transaction logs date back to the 1980s studies on OPACs (Nicholas et al 1999:265).
Design for a new library - the Unisa library in Unisa's 130th year : dealing with distance education in the electronic eraAuthor Noel ShillinglawSource: Mousaion 21, pp 41 –61 (2003)More Less
In this article the author shows how re-designed services and processes will improve service to distance education library clients of the University of South Africa (Unisa). There are several problems unique to libraries serving distance education students and distance education library work in South Africa faces further issues specific to its own circumstances. The author examines the traditional approach to distance education library services as provided by the Unisa Library as well as the opportunities and implications of electronic technology for distance education library services.
Author Peter Johan LorSource: Mousaion 21, pp 62 –78 (2003)More Less
This article does not attempt a scholarly exposition of the digital divide in general. It is concerned with the role of national libraries in respect of this phenomenon. In approaching this topic the author briefly defines the national library and describes the roles it can play nationally. The concept of the 'digital divide' is analysed into a number of dimensions in order to identify possible roles for the national library in dealing with it.
Source: Mousaion 21, pp 79 –105 (2003)More Less
Culture is an all-pervading sense of ideals and values in society. In the modern world various taste cultures are present, with the majority of people preferring popular culture, instead of high culture with its stringent artistic and aesthetic standards and qualities. The appearance of popular culture derives from the great technological, socio-economic and political changes which commenced in the eighteenth century and culminated in modern mass society, which was fully formed by the middle of the nineteenth century. Popular culture has been bitterly assailed during the last two centuries as a debasing influence which pitted the protagonists of high culture against the majority of society in what has been the longest and possibly most significant cultural struggle in the Western world.
Research by serious scholars has convincingly refuted the argument that popular culture exercises a pernicious influence on its user. There is good reason to believe that the boundaries between popular culture and high or elite culture are increasingly fading away, as illustrated by science fiction, which was viewed as pure fiction in the 1920s and 1930s. Today, science fiction is viewed by critics as a major genre and a significant body of work in contemporary literature.
The advent of modern industrial society heralds far-reaching scientific and technological changes which help determine the character of contemporary popular culture, culminating in mass consumption by means of the printed page, radio, cinema and television. During the 1980s the era of advanced technology and electronics produced the revolutionary Internet, which is, inter alia, also a global mass dissemination network for popular culture.
Author C.S. De BeerSource: Mousaion 21, pp 106 –127 (2003)More Less
Despite the formidable, consequential and by now classical, study of Jean-Francois Lyotard, published in 1979 in French, on the condition of knowledge in the most highly developed societies, the theme has as yet by no means been exhausted. His focus was not simply on knowledge but also on many specific knowledge-related matters like technique, technology, technocracy, information, narrative, control of knowledge and information, societal settings, to name a few core themes. However, the relevance of this study is not limited to the most highly developed societies - with implications for developing or underdeveloped societies - but also has universal implications in the era of globalisation. Knowledge is such a vast and dynamic issue that it remains to be explored on a continuous basis and should remain on the agenda of all peoples of the world. However, it deserves a dominant place on the agenda of developing countries.
Author Tsepo ConstableSource: Mousaion 21, pp 138 –147 (2003)More Less
This article investigates the current experiences of law librarians who are already part of the Information Science profession. The focus is on their educational and training background, that is, tertiary education (formal qualifications in library science or law) and the in-service training offered by employers to law librarians. The reasons why legal knowledge and expertise are crucial to practising librarians are discussed in detail. From a legal perspective, Library and Information Science should not be treated in isolation, but as an interdisciplinary field. In South Africa no tertiary qualifications are offered for students who intend to become law librarians. This poses a serious challenge to the profession and the institutions offering Library and Information Science education. The services offered by librarians may pose legal and ethical problems, specifically regarding copyright and the Access to Information and Security Acts. The way in which librarians should deal with these problems, for example how librarians can contribute to making the existing regulations known to communities, their practical application and what happens in the case of infringements of the law is discussed briefly. Technological developments have changed the way we perform our duties both at work and at home. Law librarians access information through different databases - for example, Butterworth's Weekly Legislation update, which is one of the most significant information tools that keep South Africans up-to-date. The question addressed here is 'who trains law librarians on how to use these databases?' The current progress made in practice both in the field of law and Information Science is mentioned. The involvement of the Organisation for South African Law Libraries (OSALL) in applying the ideas or solutions suggested during conferences, symposiums and workshops, for instance, is crucial. These are the most critical issues that need clarity and expertise. In conclusion recommendations to address the challenges identified are made.
Source: Mousaion 21, pp 148 –150 (2003)More Less
Parents, teachers and public librarians all strive to promote reading. They want children to enjoy reading and to widen their horizons in the ongoing search for new and exciting authors. Often this is difficult, because children often claim to have read everything of interest (I can recall doing this myself).
Who else writes like ...? : A readers' guide to fiction authors, Roy Huse & Jeanne Huse (editors) : book reviewSource: Mousaion 21, pp 150 –152 (2003)More Less
The fourth edition of Who else writes like ...? just like earlier editions, has been compiled with the intention of answering one of the questions most frequently heard in public libraries: 'I have exhausted all the books by my favourite authors. What can I read next?'