oa SA Pharmaceutical Journal - Resting heart rate and cardiovascular events : risk factor or risk marker? : review

Volume 79, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 2221-5875
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1017



Observational studies, such as the Framingham Heart study, or the French IPC study, showed that a high resting heart rate is associated with an increase in cardiovascular mortality in the general population, and this has also been demonstrated in hypertension, acute myocardial infarction and heart failure, or left ventricular dysfunction.

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