n Journal for Semitics - The morphology and morphosyntax of the personal pronouns in the Egypt-Amarna letters

Volume 18, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1013-8471


The object of this paper is to scrutinize the morphology and the morphosyntax of the independent and suffixed personal pronouns as they appear and function in the Egypt-Amarna letters EA 1 and 5 to Babylonia, 31 to Arzawa (in Hittite), to vassals EA 99, 162, 163 (fragmentary), 190 (very incomplete), 367, 369, and 370. The differences as well as the correspondence in form, compared to the standard Akkadian pronouns, and also WS and other influences, are pointed out. This is illustrated through the fact that though the Akkadian pronouns, both independent and suffixed, can be divided into three morphological groups, viz. 1) nominative; 2) oblique (accusative and genitive); and 3) dative, not all of these pronouns function in the Egypt-Amarna letters. This is followed by an investigation of the different syntagmas in which these pronouns function and the cases where the independent pronouns are used in conjunction with prepositions. Cases of the nominative in the function of either the subject (topic) or predicate (comment) as well as cases of extraposition are also discussed. Each section, namely independent pronouns and suffixed pronouns, will be rounded off with a paragraph of observations pertaining to each section that will assist in the conclusions.

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