n Journal for Semitics - The manifestation of justice in ancient Egyptian law, with specific reference to

Volume 19, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1013-8471


Justice () governed the lives of ancient Egyptians because they saw no difference between divine and human justice. In this article I focus on whether law and a functional legal system () existed in ancient Egypt. I explore the importance of law for the ancient Egyptian society, which had a high reputation for justice, and discuss what the ancient Egyptians understood by the terms . Law was essential for them and was not merely earthly , but also the divine law, . I indicate that there is abundant evidence of written law in Egypt and they must have had a functional legal system. I discuss terms used in the relating to justice and law and evaluate it as a source of information about ancient Egyptian law and the principles of law and justice in that era. This important work has a strong legal background and shows the interaction between law and justice.

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