n Journal for Semitics - The influence of the spirit world on African leadership : a contextual reading of 1 Samuel 28:1-25

Volume 19, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1013-8471


In the modern period, the spirit world has become a way for some Africans to be protected or successful in life. Utilising a contextual reading of 1 Samuel 28:1-25, the primary aim of this essay will be to point out how the spirits influence African leadership. This will be achieved in three related stages. First, a brief account of how African leadership relates to the spirit world will be presented. Second, a narrative description of 1 Samuel 28:1-25 will be discussed. Third, an appropriative reading of 1 Samuel 28:1-25 will be provided which will attempt to show how an African leadership can assume its civic responsibilities.

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