oa Journal for Semitics - Psalm 20 and its Aramaic parallel: a reappraisal

Volume 9, Issue 12
  • ISSN : 1013-8471



Psalm 20 is one of the less popular psalms. Since the discovery that the so-called Papyrus Amherst 63 contains an Aramaic parallel to Psalm 20, this situation has changed. The discovery led to intense discussion about the nature of the relationship. Moreover, the interpretation of both poems is controversial. Questions with regard to date, structure, genre and social setting remain unsolved, in spite of a number of recent publications. The nature of the relationship between Psalm 20 and its Aramaic parallel is the subject of this paper. The relationship is determined first, by an intratextual analysis of each poem and then by an intertextual comparison. The conclusion is reached that Psalm 20 is an adaptation and Yahwistic reinterpretation of an older Canaanite poem.

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