n Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages - The other Septuagint : from the letter of Aristeas to the letter of Jeremiah

Volume 28, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0259-0131


Septuagint is the name for the first translation of the Torah (Greek Pentateuch) according to the Letter of Aristeas. However, the completion of the Greek Bible was a process far more complicated and extended in time than it would appear - it continued throughout four centuries. This paper will focus on the 'other Septuagint' by emphasizing the different aspects of the Greek Bible compared to the Hebrew Bible. Beyond the slight divergencies inevitable in the process of translation, it concentrates on the major discrepancies of the Septuagint Hebrew Vorlage compared with the Qumran Bible and the Masoretic Text, especially in books with different editions. The Letter of Aristeas and the Letter of Jeremiah represent two different attitudes of Judaism towards Hellenism. Aristeas claims an ideal co-existence and intends to approach a learned Judaism to some forms of philosophical monotheism of the Hellenistic intelligentsia. The Letter of Jeremiah remind us that the problem of assimilation to the dominant power and religion was a real one under the Seleucid's administration.

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