n Inside Mining - All shapes and sizes : editor's comment

Volume 9, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1999-8872


Africa, and South Africa in particular, bears some of the most striking and impressive geological formations in the world, some of which can be mined for precious gems, such as diamonds, while others simply add to the natural beauty of our landscapes. This month, we trek from high up in Lesotho's Maluti Mountains down to the lovely Karoo, with its barren, yet breathtaking scenery, and then into the lush mountains of Barberton in Mpumalanga. The stark contrast between Lesotho and the arid Karoo is remarkable. Where the one mine struggles with high rainfall figures, the other mine hardly ever sees rain. Yet, both of these mines produce the same diamonds - well, to some extent. The Liqhobong Diamond Mine in Lesotho produces predominantly yellow diamonds from the volcanic Kimberlite pipe, pushed out many billions of years ago. The very same types of diamonds,from the same area, are found at the Wouterspan Diamond Mine in Douglas, Northern Cape. These diamonds were originally carried downstream by the Orange River.

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