1887

n In die Skriflig - Calvin's modification of Augustine's doctrine of original sin

Supplement 3
  • ISSN : 1018-6441
  • E-ISSN: 2305-0853

Abstract

Augustine was Calvin's main source of reference in the "Institutes". However, his treatment of Augustine's views was not uncritical. This article discusses the way in which Calvin modified Augustine's doctrine of original sin. The main differences can be attributed to different theological aims. Augustine developed his doctrine of original sin against the teachings of the Manicheans and Pelagians, whereas Calvin shifted the focus to knowledge of God and the self. Calvin understood original sin noetically as religious and moral blindness - whereas Augustine viewed sexual concupiscence as the main principle of original sin. Augustine made a considerable effort to explain that sin does not find its origin in God. God foresaw the fall, but did not compel it. Calvin located sin in God's eternal decree and permission. Augustine, furthermore, understood the transmission of original sin biologically, whereas Calvin ascribed it to God's eternal permissive will. These differences culminated in a different understanding of the meaning of Jesus' virgin birth. The article concludes by discussing the relevance of Calvin's noetic approach to original sin.


Calvyn het in sy "Institusie" Augustinus gebruik as sy vernaamste Christelike verwysingsbron. Dit beteken egter nie dat Calvyn Augustinus kritiekloos nagevolg het nie. Hierdie artikel fokus op die wyse waarop Calvyn Augustinus se leerstelling van die erfsonde gewysig het. Die vernaamste verskille is te wyte aan verskillende teologiese uitgangspunte. Augustinus het die leer oor die erfsonde ontwikkel in reaksie op die Manicheanisme en die Pelagianisme, terwyl Calvyn die fokus verskuif het na kennis van God en die self. Vir Calvyn is die erfsonde hoofsaak noëties van aard - dit dui op 'n godsdienstige en morele verblinding. Augustinus, daarenteen, het seksuele begeerte as die kernbeginsel van erfsonde gesien. Augustinus het die oordrag van die erfsonde biologies verstaan, terwyl Calvyn dit in God se toelatende wil begrond het. Die verskillende sienings het gekulmineer in verskillende verklarings van die betekenis van Jesus se maagdelike geboorte. Die artikel eindig deur die belang van Calvyn se noëtiese benadering tot die erfsonde te bespreek.

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/content/skrif/44/sup-3/EJC108531
2010-01-01
2019-10-23

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