n In die Skriflig - Die boek Esegiël in die Nuwe Testament : original research

Volume 50, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1018-6441
  • E-ISSN: 2305-0853



In studies of the use of the Old Testament in the New Testament, the book of Ezekiel has not received much attention, with Revelation the exception to the rule. In these studies, the focus has shifted from the use of quotations and allusion to the issue of intertextuality. This article discusses the use of Ezekiel in the four Gospels and Acts, in the letters of Paul, in Hebrews and the general epistles. There are only two clear quotations of Ezekiel in this corpus, namely in 2 Corinthians 6. The text of Ezekiel quoted or alluded to in the New Testament usually agrees with the Greek Old Testament, with an important exception in Jude verse 12. Although the evidence is not very strong, it seems as if the section of Ezekiel 36 lacking in Papyrus 967 was known to (some of) the New Testament authors. The two quotations in 2 Corinthians are used in a typical Pauline manner as part of a series of quotations used for contemporary application, in which the original context does not play an important role. There are quite a number of allusions to Ezekiel in the rest of the corpus. The metaphor of the shepherd in Ezekiel34 and 37 is very important for the depiction of Jesus as the (good) shepherd in the New Testament. The importance of hook-term connections has been indicated for linking different passages together, including passages from Ezekiel. Although Ezekiel was not used as much as books like Genesis, Psalms and Isaiah, there are enough indications of its use in the corpus that was studied.

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