n Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences - Indigenous technology mechanism for the reduction of absolute poverty in the rural areas of the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

Volume 7, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 2141-7016
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Many countries of the world have attained giant economic strides utilizing their indigenous technologies as ignition keys and foundations from which further knowledge evolved. African countries, like Nigeria, have very robust indigenous technologies which have not been maximally exploited for economic growth both for the individuals and the nation. This is a study of Indigenous Technology (IT) mechanism operative in the Nigerian ethnic nationalities, aimed at investigating the effectiveness of these existing IT mechanisms in the reduction of absolute poverty in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. It was a qualitative study. A total of 159 participants (78 knowledge workers and 81 Indigenous Knowledge practitioners) were interviewed for the study. A researcher instrument - Indigenous Technology for Reduction of Poverty Questionnaire - was used to collect data. Deductive Approach was used to analyze data. Findings showed that the IT mechanisms are ineffective in the reduction of poverty in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Findings also showed that sacredness and protection occasioned by tradition makes it difficult to manage IT on the Intellectual Property (IP) platform for entrepreneurial benefits. Based on these findings, it was recommended that IT must be identified by the appropriate government agencies, and a national policy put in place to protect and promote them so as to cushion the burden of loss experienced by the traditional custodians. This should include the use of the IP platform to maintain a balance between the protection and preservation of Indigenous technologies and the free exchange of knowledge.

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