n Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies - Zimbabwe : integration, reconciliation and rehabilitation processes

Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 2141-6990
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Over the years we have failed to stop tyrants and dictators getting into positions of power. Should we just sit back and do nothing about this or should we just be philosophical about it? Being philosophical simply means accepting what we cannot change. This paper sought to change what we thought could not be changed. Integration means 'working together', Rehabilitation means "rebuilding what had been destroyed" and "Reconciliation means forgiving one another." These are all ways of changing what we thought could not be changed. For all this to happen, people of one nation should evolve unity in diversity. Only when people can live together, work together, have mutual respect for one another and speak freely to one another and the country have Peace. Rehabilitation, Integration and Reconciliation can only take place where there is peace. Reconciliation will only succeed where we as Zimbabweans say: 'I hate what you say, but will defend to death your right to say it.' This is a powerful defence of the idea that even views that you despise deserve to be heard. Only after reconciliation will integration and rehabilitation be possible. In the wake violence on a societal scale, finding the right balance between justice and healing retribution and forgiveness, tribunals and truth commissions, remembering and 'moving on' is a messy if not an impossible goal. 'Reconciliation' is the term that has been used to refer to this series of messy compromises. Though it may be offensive or inconceivable to some, this is the only sustainable and genuine form of prevention in societies that have undergone mass violence or conflict. Reconciliation is not being cosy; it is not about pretending that things were other than they were. Reconciliation based on falsehood, on not facing up to reality is not true reconciliation and will not last, the paper has argued. Thus, a conclusion that has been drawn is that while truth might not always lead to reconciliation, there will be no reconciliation without truth - hence this paper. The significance of the study was to bring national healing to a country that is heavily polarised, traditional justice o a country in which the judiciary is highly politicised and to bring peace to a country that is heavily fractured by violence. The study has also outlined Zimbabwe's attempts at striking a balance between justice and healing, vengeance and forgiveness.

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