n Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies - Strategies used by teachers to improve students' mastery of drawing skills and performance in Biology in Bungoma West District, Kenya

Volume 4, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 2141-6990
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This paper discusses the problems that students encounter in making biological drawings and the strategies used by teachers in helping students master drawing skills and improve performance in Biology in the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Examinations (KCSE). The paper is based on a study to determine the effects of drawing skills on students' performance in Biology in Bungoma West District in Western Kenya. A descriptive survey research design was used in the study, in which 15% of the schools in the District were selected using stratified random sampling. Thirty-three percent of the target population, Form Three students, was selected using simple random sampling technique. In mixed schools the subjects were obtained using stratified sampling technique to ensure gender equality. The teachers for the study were obtained using purposive sampling technique. Three instruments were used to collect data: the teacher's questionnaire (TQ), Student's questionnaire (SQ) and students' test (ST). The data obtained from the study was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics using the computer software, Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The study found that the strategies used in helping the students to master biological drawing were inadequate. Moreover, the problems students encountered in making drawings and strategies used by teachers to develop drawing skills in students, had significant effect on performance. The problem of making proportional drawing and assistance of learners at individual level as a strategy to develop drawing skills in learners had greatest effect on performance. It was recommended that continuous in-service of practicing teachers and participation in workshops and conferences is required to update them on new innovations in science teaching. The study is of practical significance to scholars and education stakeholders as it forms a basis of the need to work for effective teaching and learning in the Biology subject in secondary schools.

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