n Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies - Politics of issues or of sides : a treatise on what caused the eventual outcome of the 2012 Presidential Elections in Ghana

Volume 5, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 2141-6990
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This article is a preliminary study which analyses the outcomes of the 2012 presidential election in Ghana, which saw the National Democratic Congress retain power. The paper argues that even though issues are supposed to guide voters in making their choices in elections, the outcome of the 2012 election was influenced by other factors also. Key issues that have been studied include respondents' responses on education (free Senior High School and Quality Senior High School); National Health Insurance (NHIS) have been studied. The others include party affiliation, personality of the voters, ethnic orientation and incumbency among others. The Data for this paper was gathered in Adum-Kumasi, a strong business area that has several people from various parts of the country come to do business. The other areas include Kejetia an entrepot and KNUST and Edwase which is a University community. Responses from the thousand (1000) respondents to questionnaires represent the position of Ghanaians from all walks of life. Responses from respondents have been thematically pieced together to form the discussions. The study points us to the future, the need to focus on issues during elections. It proposes that knowledge of the issues affecting the people and succinct appreciation of what parties propose in their manifestos as well as their past and present achievements in the governance of the nation among other significant issues should inform electorates in their choice of a president during presidential elections. It also points out that when the people are able to reach this height of choosing presidents base strongly on issues, we can assume or conclude that multi-party elections in Ghana and the democratization process which took off from 1992 after a long period of military rule, would have been deeply consolidated.

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