n Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies - Attitudes of students in South Western Nigeria towards HIV infection : a veritable tool for sustainable development in the third world nations

Volume 5, Issue 7
  • ISSN : 2141-6990
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This study was designed to investigate the attitudes of students in South Western Nigeria Tertiary Institutions toward HIV infection and their HIV risk practices as a veritable tool for sustainable development in the third world nations. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study and a multistage random sampling technique was used to select 450 subjects. The instrument for data collection was a close ended multiple choice questionnaire designed by the researcher and built around the research questions. The reliability was established through test-retest method and a correlation of 0.84 was obtained. The researcher personally administered the instruments and retrieved them immediately after completion, and a 100% retrieval rate was achieved. Data was analyzed using frequency counts; mean of scores; standard deviation; t-test and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient were used to test the hypotheses with the alpha level set at 0.05.The findings of this study show that: Students in South Western Nigeria have positive attitude towards HIV infection; that the attitudes towards HIV infection among South Western Nigeria students is significantly different from that of the normative population; that the more positive the attitude towards HIV the lower the HIV risk practices of the respondent and that attitude towards HIV is a good predictor of HIV risk practices. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that: Health education should be intensified at all levels of educational system so as to sustain the present development and possibly improve on the present attitudes towards HIV infection and that the mass media should be maximally utilized to persuade the people to change their attitude towards HIV infection.

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