n Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies - Establishing factors that affect performance of grade ten students in high school : a case study of Vhembe district in South Africa

Volume 5, Issue 7
  • ISSN : 2141-6990
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Despite the attempts by South African government to make education accessible to all by introducing free food and free textbooks at the primary school level, there is still high failure rate in high schools in some parts of the country. This study makes attempt to establish some factors that affect the performance of grade ten students in high schools in the Limpopo province. A survey was conducted in four high schools in the Vhembe district in the province. Mixed sampling techniques comprising simple random sampling and purposive sampling were used to get the schools and the grade ten students. About 716 students were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Various statistical methods including multiple regression, backward and forward stepwise regression and analysis of variance were used to find the factors influencing the performance of the students. The study concludes that parents' socio-economic status, age, sex, location of the school, the type of school - private or public, the average number of students in a class, and competence in English language are factors affecting students' academic performance in grade ten.

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