n Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies - Trends in gender participation in accounting program in the Madonna University, Okija (2002- 2012)

Volume 5, Issue 7
  • ISSN : 2141-6990
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Accounting is accepted as the life wire of any business activity hence it is offered in almost all accounting and business related disciplines. It is widely regarded as the information system through which financial and monetized information is generated for social, economic and political decisions. The youths (male and female), being the future hope of a nation's development, require an understanding of accounting program that will make them take initiatives and decisions to solve financial problems and improve accounting services and performance. On this note, the study investigated gender imbalance in accounting program in the Madonna University, Okija, Nigeria; from 2002/2003-2011/2012 academic sessions. The ex-post-facto research design was adopted for the study and the data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics to answer the research questions, while t-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses. Three objectives, three research questions and two hypotheses were raised for the study. Among the employers, two hundred (200) employers who have worked for 15 years and above, and have up to 10 employees including accountants, were purposively selected from the Employers' Reports sent to the University by the employers, and they were also interviewed to ascertain the employment status of these accountants who are graduates. In gender enrolment, the study made use of the admission register in the Accounting Department of Madonna University, Okija. On gender employment, data obtained from the admission register of the university for the year under study (2002-2012) were used to answer the research questions and to test the hypotheses. The study found that there was a gender imbalance in enrolment in favour of males. There was also a significant difference in the academic performance on gender imbalance. Males tended to perform better than females. There was no gender preference in employment exercise. The study recommended that the employer should sustain the current no gender discriminatory employment practices and the status of accounting discipline should be further enhanced academically and socially so as to attract the females that appear to be status-conscious.

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