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n Slavic Almanac : The South African Journal for Slavic, Central and Eastern European Studies - Semantic analysis of second-person verbal form in Russian, in terms of its semantic derivation

Volume 19, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1025-3386

Abstract

Depending on the context, verbs in the second person show various transpositional meanings which deviate from the addressee's primary intention. This article analyses the semantics of the second-person verbal form - in particular, its unspecified (generalised) personal meaning from the points of view of its semantic derivation and its relation to synonymous grammemes. The article proposes a model of semantic derivation of second-person forms, where the initial and the ultimate points represent both the meaning intended by the addressee and the generalised personal meaning. However, even in the most metaphorical use of generalised personal meaning, the second-person verbal form may display a certain opposition towards the speaker (first person). This is clearly evident in any comparison with a synonymous grammeme - the third-person plural form, which is characterised by its alienation from the speaker. There is confirmation that such grammatical opposition is evidenced not only in a strong grammatical position, but also in a weak one, albeit to a limited degree.

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/content/slavic/19/1/EJC141041
2013-01-01
2019-09-15

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