oa Stads- en Streeksbeplanning = Town and Regional Planning - The "bottom-up" approach to Local Economic Development (LED) in small towns: a South African case study of Orania and Philippolis

Volume 2004, Issue 47
  • ISSN : 1012-280X



While global forces are playing a bigger role in the world economy, the real changes tend to occur at local level. Local Economic Development (LED) is regarded by many - including the South African government - as a means to facilitate the bottom-up approach in regional development. In two small towns along the Orange River, Philippolis and Orania, local economic development was implemented in different ways.

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