1887

n Stads- en Streeksbeplanning = Town and Regional Planning - Secure tenure for the urban poor : lessons from community based land tenure approach in Windhoek, Namibia

Volume 2008, Issue 52
  • ISSN : 1012-280X

Abstract

The Namibian Freehold System is well designed, appropriate and effective in providing security of tenure to higher-income households, although it is very legalistic and complex by nature. A community-driven process might offer an alternative to the present Land Delivery Systems that are criticised for being too expensive and thereby excluding the urban poor from land and housing ownership. Two alternative solutions arose in direct response to the inadequacy of the formal system of land delivery to provide for the specific needs of the urban poor in Windhoek, Namibia. At grassroots level an own solution was sought. A community-driven process enables Self-Help Groups to own blocks of land with the most basic services whilst, at a legislative level, the Flexible Land Tenure Bill creates a parallel interchangeable property registration system.


Alhoewel Namibië se vrypag sisteem goed ontwerp, toepaslik en effektief is in verskaffing van sekuriteit ten opsigte van eiendomsreg vir hoër-inkomste huishoudings, is dit baie kompleks. 'n Gemeenskapsgedrewe proses mag 'n alternatief bied tot die huidige Grondoordragsisteme wat gekritiseer word as te duur en gevolglik die stedelike armes van grond- en huiseienaarskap uitsluit. Twee alternatiewe oplossings het in direkte reaksie op die ondoeltreffendheid van die formele eiendomsregsisteem ontstaan om aan die spesifieke behoeftes van die stedelike armes in Windhoek, Namibië te voldoen. Op grondvlak is daar na 'n eie oplossing gesoek. 'n Gemeenskapsgedrewe proses bemagtig Selfhelp Groepe om stukke grond met die mees basiese dienste te besit, terwyl die Buigbare Eiendomskonsepwet op wetgewende vlak 'n verwisselbare paralelle-eiendomsregistrasiesisteem daarstel.


Mukwa wa sikuwa wa kuluwa mubu kuya kuile wo u sebeliswa mwa naha ya Namibia u bakanyizwe hande, mi u sebeza ku sina butata. Mukwa wo, u fa mata kwa batu ba ba I pumanela ku luwa mubu. Ni ha kuli cwalo, mukwa wo (wona u zibahala ka "Freehold System" mwa puo ya sikuwa) wa tula, mi u ketulula batu ba ba shebehile kuba ni mata a kuluwa mubu kapa mandu mwa libaka za bukuwa. Ka libaka le, kufumanwi kuli, linzila zeñwi za ku luwa mubu zeo li zamaiswa ki sicaba li kona kutatulula butata bo. Patisiso ya ku talima linzila zeñwi ze fa mata kwa batu ba ba shebehile kuluwa mubu kamba mandu mwa libaka za bukuwa, ne i fumani linzila ze peli ze kona ku tatulula butata bo. Nzila ya pili i zamaiswa ki sicaba, mi i susueza batu ku kopana hamoho ka swalisano ni ciseho ni ku bupa tu tengo to tu itusa tona tuñi (to tu zibala ka "Self-Help Groups" mwa puo ya sikuwa). Tutengo to tu cwalo, tu kona kuluwa mubu (block erven) ni kufiwa li selezo ze bweshafalizwe, fa halimu a limembala za tona. Nzila ya bubeli, i sebelisa mulao wa sikuwa wo bukeleza ni ku susueza batu ba ba shebehile kuba ni mata a kuluwa mubu. Mulao nyana wo, u zibahala ka "Flexible Land Tenure Systems" mwa puo ya sikuwa.

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/content/sm_town/2008/52/EJC108677
2008-05-01
2019-09-20

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