1887

n Stads- en Streeksbeplanning = Town and Regional Planning - Upgrading of informal settlements : an assessment with reference to the application of 'Breaking New Ground' in Cape Town and Johannesburg

Volume 2009, Issue 54
  • ISSN : 1012-280X

Abstract

The inadequacy of human settlements in South Africa is manifestly seen in the growth of informal settlements in all major cities and towns. Although there has been a history of informal settlement upgrading this has not been wide spread, nor has it been official policy until 'Breaking New Ground' was proclaimed as part of the housing policy of the government in 2004. There are two aspects, among others, that we explore in the state's response to upgrading of informal settlements. Firstly, the timeous legal recognition of informal settlements and, secondly, the provision of opportunities for stable multiple livelihoods. With reference to the cases of Cape Town and Johannesburg, we contend that one of the initial state interventions in terms of informal settlement upgrading should be to legally recognise the informal dwellers as citizens, and that a sustainable livelihoods approach should be explicitly stipulated and described in policy implementation.


Indien sisteme uit interafhanklike onderdele bestaan wat mekaar wedersyds beïnvloed, dan kan 'n stad as 'n sisteem beskou word. Hierdie artikel stel voor dat stede komplekse aanpassingsisteme is, bestaande uit talle elemente en subsisteme wat deur middel van hul interaksies nuwe gedrag skep insluitend hoë vlakke van self-organisasie. Hierdie beskouing van die stad as sisteem verskil van die sisteembenadering wat stede beskou het as relatiewe eenvoudige stelsels wat beheer kon word. Stede, as komplekse aanpassingsisteme kan op hul omgewings reageer en veranderende gedrag toon, 'n eienskap van die sisteem as geheel. Voorbeelde van ander komplekse aanpassingsisteme stel beginsels vir stedelike ontwikkeling, soos die belangrikheid van konstante groei en verandering indien hul stagnasie en die dood wil vermy. Die ontwikkeling van kompleksiteit kan beperk word deur te veel beheer, daarom behoort die klem eerder op die daarstelling van toepaslike reëls en gemeenskapsbetrokkenheid te wees.


Haeba ditsela tsena di na le dikarolo tse sebedisanang, tse sebedisanang ha mmoho le ho tshwaetsana ka katamelano, ka mokgwa o jwalo motsesetoropo o ka tadingwa e le mokgwa kapa tsela. Pampiri ena e hlahisa hore metse ya ditoropo ke ditsela tsa dibaka tsa bokitlwaetso e nang le dintho tse ngata ka hara yona le ditselana tse nyenyane tseo ka mekgwa e metjha ya tshebedisano ho kenyeletsa le maemo a phahameng a boitlhophiso. Tjhadimo ena ya motse wa setoropo e le tsela e fapaneng le seo ho thweng ke ditsela tsa tjhadimo tsa moralo tse tadimang metse lya ditoropo e le ditselana (ditsamaiso) feela tse ke keng tsa laolwa. Metse ya ditoropo jwalo ka ditsela tsa dibaka tsa boitlwaetso e kgona ho arabela ditikolohong tsa tsona di bontsha tsela e ntjha eo e leng letshwao la tsamaiso yohle. Mehlala ya ditsamaiso tsa dibaka tsa boitlwaetso di fana ka dithuto bakeng sa ntshetsopele ya motse wa setoropo e leng ntho e kang tlhoko ya kgolo le phetoho haeba ho tlameha hore ho thibelwe ho ema nnqa e le nngwe le lona lefu. Ereka ha taelo e senyekgenyekge e ka thibela kgolo ya dibaka, toboketso e mpe e be yona e etse kapa e bope melao e nepahetseng esita le ho kgontsha ho hore baahi (setjhaba) ba be le hona ho ikakgela ka setotswana.

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/content/sm_town/2009/54/EJC108691
2009-05-01
2019-09-21

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