oa South African Journal of Wildlife Research - 24-month delayed open access - Evaluation of non-lethal control methods on problematic Samango monkeys in the Cape Vidal Recreation Reserve, Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park

Volume 28, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 2410-7220
  • E-ISSN: 2410-8200



Samango monkeys () in the Cape Vidal Recreational Reserve have become habituated to taking exotic food items from tourists. These food-raiding habits are mainly confined to the public campsite, but picnic sites and the cabin areas are also affected. A survey of the public's perception of the problem showed that 65% of visitors experienced problems with the monkeys. Most visitors felt that if they were forewarned of the monkey problem and adequate measures were taken to secure food and garbage, that the levels of interaction with the monkeys would be reduced to tolerable limits. The KwaZulu-Natal Nature Conservation Service has taken steps to monkey-proof dustbins and alter the management of waste. Various chemical deterrents were used to condition monkeys and reduce their use of the food in dustbins. These methods were largely unsuccessful, although one chemical (denatonium benzoate) showed more potential than the others. Chemical deterrents are difficult to apply, require constant reinforcement, are expensive and are thus difficult to manage. Translocation and removal of individuals by shooting was considered. Translocation may be feasible, however, the high density of monkeys in the area make it likely that removed monkeys will be rapidly replaced by neighbouring troops. Furthermore, large numbers of animals will have to be removed. This is an impractical and untenable option at this time. Judicious shooting of animals that are major pests may be necessary. The most applicable options for controlling samango monkeys at Cape Vidal are the management of waste to prevent accessibility by the monkeys, and the education of the public about the problem so that inadvertent provisioning does not occur.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error